This is the B.B.C. for details of a complete range of programmes go to B.B.C. world service dot com forward slash, Welcome to the latest global news compiled in the early hours of Saturday the thirtieth of September, I'm Jude and keen with a selection of highlights from across B.B.C. world service news coming up more upheaval in President chomps administration his embattled health Secretary Tom price has resigned.
And, as the U.S. announces he's putting most of its Embassy staff out of Cuba.
What would that mean for relations between Washington and her van also in this podcast or central government in a region at loggerheads, the Spanish authorities guile to block the independence referendum in Catalonia to dance, a tango, you need two and, in this case, the Spanish government was always ready to talk, but they didn't want that they only want to do things, with more than half a million, the hinges now Fred Myanmar.
We have a report from Bangladesh, flour, what do I know what I can't find my husband, my parents, my other children lost everyone, I don't know why.
No idea why no my pay rather than on there, then my like a fall from grace of the top Communist party official in China.
So where did it all go wrong.
He was being expelled because he deserted Communist ideals exchanged power for sex and exposed party secrets and the tenancy Of the French public to disapprove of their President, it was long thought that his job was hanging by a thread, and now he's gone, the embattled U.S. health Secretary Tom price has resigned.
The problem wasn't how he did his job.
It was all about his expensive travel taste, while he was doing it.
I've got more than the b. b. c. is Laura Baker in Washington, when you take around twenty six private flights in just for a month, costing up to a million dollars to the taxpayer.
Then people start to notice one flight.
In fact, cost over twenty four thousand dollars, and it was just simply a few one hundred miles between Washington and Pennsylvania, when it comes to this issue.
It's such a big deal because Donald trump came to Office swept to power with this pledge to drain the swamp to end, business as usual.
Here in Washington, and it was those words that rallying cry, to have a go at the elite that really played with his fourteen b. when they see a Member of his cabinet swanning around on plaque private planes not following government rules, then it could be that some of his supporters Sarah, they think he's just simply an ordinary individual sitting in the white House, not to keep his team under control, no trunk was said to be President trunk were said to be utterly furious with Mister price, he was said to the optics, where bad and That he thought that Mister price was decent fellow, but when it comes to this issue.
It's certainly he wasn't happy, but it doesn't end the airship because other members of Mister trump's cabinet are also under investigation for use in private planes, Laura Baker for what does the future hold for U.S. Cuba relations.
This time last year, all the talk was about a diplomatic for with both countries taking steps to breach decades of division and mistrust fast for twelve months and the picture is very different.
Indeed, the United States has now decided to drastically cut the number of its Embassy staff in Havana, the reason.
Well, it sounds like something out of a spy thriller mysterious health problems affecting several diplomat, ranging from mild brain trauma and hearing loss, dizziness, nausea, there's even been talk of suspected Sonic attacks.
I've got the details from our Washington correspondent Bob repaired.
We're going to reduce the staff at the Embassy, the U.S. to have to pretty much a skeleton emergency personnel.
Anybody who is not essential, and the family members will be pulled out, so that's more than fifty percent of the U.S staff, their U.S. officials will not be travelling to Cuba for a diplomatic meetings that were bulls, will have to be held in Washington, because of the reduced staff at the Embassy routine operations are going to be indefinitely suspended.
There's also going to be a travel warning put out to U.S. citizens, no No private U.S. citizens have reported any of this sort of symptoms that the diplomatic staff have reported, so the Americans don't know if there would be targeted, but just in case, they're putting at a travel warning, because some of these attacks, as they call them to place a hotels, not just at the Embassy and hotels that are widely used by Americans if these were attacks do we no, who's responsible if it's up on the Americans point to direct an accusing finger at Kew, this is another sort of really mysterious part of the whole story is that they don't know what exactly is causing them actually there, there's talk of a sort of in a noble sound weapon er Sonic device, but they can't specify exactly, and they don't know who is behind it, and, until recently, the state Department was calling it incidents, not even suggesting that that was a deliberate attack, but now they have changed their language to attacks, and they do say they believe that the Embassy staff as being deliberately targeted and, so they're not so who's behind it.
They're saying they're not ruling anything out, though, they're not accusing Cuba.
Cuba itself has denied that has any role in this, and it's been co operating in the investigation and the Americans said, have not been, accusing them of being part of it, but the Secretary of state did say that these emergency measures would stay in place until the Cuban Government could ensure the safety of diplomat, suggesting that humans were not they felt that Americans felt that humans were not doing everything they could for filling the role that they should have to protect diplomats on their soil.
Where does this leave the relationship, because we know the Donald trump was very critical of that opening that rapprochement with Cuba concluded under his predecessor braca, yes, it's another blow to it really the diplomatic relations continue the Embassy has not been closed, there will still be diplomatic meetings, although they will have been in Washington, but obviously just from a practical point of view, if you reduce the staff so much, and the travel, then the contacts themselves will decrease, and also it's being done in an atmosphere of already rolling back the did that President Obama instituted.
And, of course, the Americans, deliberately or directly accusing the Cubans, but I think that there will be an undertone there as long as they're not saying that humans, did not do it, there will be some bad feeling there, and the Cubans are conning the decision that will affect the bilateral relations.
So it's going to be a really big disappointment, though, for the people directly effected.
I know, I was there when the flag was raised at the Embassy, when President Obama visited in the that the diplomatic several very excited about being able to resume this relationship in full.
I prepared a shot.
There, the head of the U.N. migration agencies warned of increasing cases of sexual violence among the hinge or refugees fleeing violence and Myanmar.
Over the past month doctors have treated dozens of women who experience violent sexual assault, since August but say such numbers like they represent only a small portion of actual cases.
More than half a million ranj and Muslims in now living in refugee camps in the southern tip of Bangladesh, from where the b. bee sees sanj oi under reports, a word of warning, his report contains some very disturbing shocking descriptions of abuse, just by a stream on the at this side of the border with me, unlike on the other side of the stream is a refugee camp, but I can't actually go there, because it's right up on the board offence in what is technically no Mansell the people living there.
I row hinges, who've recently arrived from the Armagh.
And I'm here to meet a young woman went toward has the most distressing story.
What happened to her, when I was here in my hand, whatever lover, but not the end had to be sitting by some trees, where she begins to tell me how a village inside me.
And I was attacked one night by the Burmese army and a group of recount.
But this, she could hear gunshots and Charlotte, so she came out to investigate, and found that they were surrounded, this is what happened next.
At the moment, when I came out With my children to try and escape to the kind men pinned my arms to my side, then they started ripping me after one finished another want to kiss.
Please, and then I thought I was, I'm not, they said that I'd eventually, when they let her go.
She picked up her children and started running what happened next defies description.
Why find there was this mash might do here, or a boy from my arms and threw him inside a burning House is up on that.
I don't know, I've got a mother melody, there was nothing, she could do to save them for the next three days, she Trek through the mountains and jungles till she crossed into bung the dish.
The medical teams at the camp, treat, but the trauma of what she went through is never too far away.
I don't know what I can't find my husband, my parents, my other children lost everyone, I've got no idea what I'm going to put them on there, then I like the hospitals and Cox Bazaar overflowing with strangers.
Many of them carrying injuries.
Others malnourished, but increasingly doctor, they were coming across Keith of sexual assault on women, children, even Sir should do, he can he's Chief emergency doctor for the un migration Agency, there have been reports, all of the injuries and second in the most that we see in all emergency settings that have been treated in our clinics, but at the same time, We don't want to create stigmatise Asian and discrimination from the Community or identification of those people, so we wouldn't recommend putting in a separate area and making separate arrangements, but rather, working with the Community, a great safe spaces and ensure that they're getting the care and support they need.
We've been told that there are many, many cases of rape and sexual abuse, but as you walk around the camps, it's quite difficult to find people willing to talk about it.
This is a deeply conservative society, where the issue of sexual abuse of a sword carries with it a massive stigma inside a small dent in one of the largest refugee camps, I find another young women to children are asleep on the dusty floor.
Well, a baby swings from a makeshift crib she shows me a photograph of her husband, he was the village that are prevented from being taken away with all the other men, but the army descended on the village.
And then I thought, I made it a few soldier scheme was in one of them entered the House, the others stood on guard outside, I don't know that we love her and she says, the soldier raped her, and I was feeling bad, I didn't, yes, I've been doing for twenty years since I was a, sorry, did I do, I'm still bleeding.
I just nice anybody over her husband, the cleric, he's missing Deeply traumatised she hasn't left her tent family Member Prince her medicine.
I didn't imagine all you need in there is, it is it.
How can I did anyone about what happened to me.
It is a matter of shame.
It's vegetal today, they're dead.
Anyway, the Myanmar authorities have denied all allegations of sexual assault, but they say they are willing to investigate individual, but how can you do that when the victims and the evidence is over here.
A report by the B.B.C.'s Saint joy miss under you're listening to go will use the most important stories and the best interviews, and on the spot.
Reporting from the B.B.C. world service.
And remember, every weekend, you can hear a review of the week's main new stories and why they matter that's in the world.
This week on the programme, it's also available to download from our website, b. b. c. dot co dot U.K. forward slash programmes, so to Communist podcasts you Nardo da Vinci is big giveaway.
He was left handed, but first, a constitutional clash, the words used by one leading daily in Spain to describe a cone stand off between the government and the region of Catalonia, at the heart of this crisis.
See, it's illegal, they're doing everything they can to stop it going ahead, but pro independence camp equally determined the result on both sides are on a collision course supporters of the move to break Away held their final rally in the region's capital.
Barcelona on Friday night, a big security presence would thousand extra police officers deployed across Catalonia.
Their mission to do whatever's necessary to stop the vote.
Here's the government spokesman Inigo Mendez the Vega, it isn't the consensus in order to change a Spanish Constitution so.
This is why the Catalan government goes unilaterally to dance, a tango, you need two and, in this case, the Spanish government was always ready to talk, but they didn't want to dance only want to draw thinks blue to Ellie, and this is what their Spanish government would not pro independence campaigners insist, the people of Catalonia, have a right to be consulted on their future and their regional President Kahless who demand has criticised the European Union for not speaking up for Catalonia, because I believe that, but that was Bassett just come up, but if they're restricting basic rights, for example, the freedom of expression and the European Union, hasn't said anything, it was very brave when it talks about Turkey or other places on the planet, where freedom is restricted, but what do they have to say.
When this happens in their own House when they have European citizens, like us, who say to them, Hey, we're lacking those basic freedoms that are in the Charter of fundamental rights.
So what next.
For this disputed region, the former end Mundell journalist Anna ro marrow is writing a book on the Catalan Is sue Owen Bennett Jones asked will vote happen unimpeded.
I think it will take place somehow, it is not clear where it will be in the electoral College this, whether you'd be in hospital in what kind of buildings.
It's going to be taking place, but the impression, and the general impression is that they will be able to vote, somehow, some better, maybe in the streets in the bath, it will happen.
Somehow it will happen.
Somehow, but what about the people organising it will they end up in prison, is the most important question paddy's been asked, right now, in Spain, as of Monday and Tuesday, what will happen in this country, the clan is at on when they a quarter for Toba, they're going to tell you that the precedent public generally at least puts them on will be clear unilaterally independent after that, there are two options.
One, as you say, an immediate detention after precedent, because he's committing an illegal act according to Madrid or their application of Article one fifty five of the Spanish Constitution, which would take a little bit longer.
The application would actually have to go to the that, so the constitutional crisis that we're heading to inch stain will actually happen in the first two weeks up a coper and when people contemplate this truly uncertain situation is that affecting the way they vote, or some people pulling back thinking, I really don't want to go down this road, There's been a pa..
Let's just keep it up for me.
Publication called it the very interesting pour that shows that a parent, the mesh as that book cover many Madrid have been taking this last two weeks have been counterproductive has been sort of creating more independent people initially approximately forty one per cent of the Catalan population wanted independence, according to this last bottle trump today, it's over.
Sixty per cent of people who would, but yes, on Sundays for a friend.
The numbers are very shaky.
What it's an absolute certainty is that eighty percent of the Catalan population, wants to vote, even if it's no right, but, I mean, if, if this is a pole held in the streets, as you suggest, then it's going to be difficult to argue that it's a properly conducted poll in which everyone knows who's voted, and it's all done right, right and proper absolutely that is part of a terrible problem that we're facing right now in Spain, the declaration of independence, and based on the referendum will take place in such strange ray is obviously not a professional way of creating in, they'd, and the other hand, the government in Madrid, will have the problem, whether it is official or not.
On Monday, the second up.
October, the same centre Chuck people with the same desires and the same feelings pickets.
Right now, more than a political issue.
What is happening in my country.
It's a question Of emotions and feelings, they will not disappear, and on Monday, October, too, around the world, people will understand, probably the Catalan feeling a feeling for independence, and so on.
And there are many movements like that around the world.
Tell us about the emotions in in Madrid to they want unity, what are they thinking absolutely people in in Madrid, which is where I am now in the rest of the country are outraged plumber angry in Somerset, they feel that if they're Catalonia has no right to decide to go, and they want to stop that happening.
And there are backing the government in all the messes that there, take it, because they feel that the Catalans are doing something that is against the law before stare of Anna room, the Chinese Communist party as an expulsion of one of its most senior officials on telly was suddenly sacked in July swims Ensign around huge city of junk, gym and was tipped to rise to the very top of the party hierarchy were now the state newsagency Sinn crois has published details of the allegations against him as a China editor carry Gracie report.
It's yet another edifying tale of greed, sex and of singeing ties transition from rising star to falling star has been swift and savage and fifty four, he belonged to the generation below Communist leader, she jumping and was in the running for a key promotion and next month's party Congress, but the gritty Politics of chanting seems yet again to have cursed a promising political career, the city saw the downfall of its charismatic party Secretary boycie live.
Five years ago, after his wife was accused of murdering a British businessman and now comes the purge of his successor, also in the run up to a party Congress in public, my son, played the part of the disciplined party man.
But the state news Agency said he was being expelled because he deserted Communist ideals abused his position to amass wealth and property exchanged power for sex and exposed party secrets in the factional world of Chinese politics.
This perch is a signal that see dimpling, intends to put his own people into key positions of power and after five years of the party leaders relentless campaign against corruption.
It's also a sign the China's web of money secrets, sex and power is a tangled as ever, a report I carry Gracie, I've got a hungry.
Now, at a local story, which has turned into a national controversy.
It all started with an invitation to a small group of refugees to spend a weekend in a private guest House that spot a storm of protest.
And all this, just as the government's preparing to launch a new campaign against immigration, a correspondent Nick four has visited the village and sent this report, the trouble began in a chain of religion, toner County in southern Hungary, when a group of locals found out that A guest House owner had offered rooms to refugees for free for a few days holiday, the issue is particularly sensitive in Hungary, because the right wee MacPhee does government has set itself up as the defender of Europe against what it regards as the evils of immigration.
What added to the controversy.
In this case is that the migrants had just been granted protection in Hungary, some of the barely six hundred asylum claims granted dish, the Hungarian Prime Minister Victor or ban speaking in the Estonian capital Tallinn said the locals were right to block the visit of the families, because, as he put it, it starts with children, but it doesn't stop there, but not all locals agree with the decision to block the refugees holiday weekend, Chantel locker tosh is a local pensioner, because it's wrong.
He's not afraid of migrants, he told me, no doubt, there are good people, among them too, but it's hardly surprising.
People are so afraid of them, because the government and its media portray them all, as terrorists, he said, the Mayor has resigned, the refugees have stayed away, and this weekend, the government will launch its new national consultation against immigration Nick Thorpe French art historians have been doing tests on the sketch of someone in the same pose as Mona Lisa, I mean, working on a charcoal drawing a cartoon of a nude woman that they think might have been a sketch for Leonardo da Vinci his masterpiece And are trying to work out who drew it, I'm going to Jones has been speaking to Professor Martin Kemp and art historian and an expert on an additive incy, what does he make of it going to look at it in change.
I think most learn artery scholars had not been to change c. castle.
South of Paris, saying, so it's racecourse, and I looked at it very carefully with a colleague, specialist in technical examination and looking at it closely, you could see, first of all, it's immensely high quality and, secondly, you can see that one of the artists involved in making it is left handed, I'm glowing ardour is left handed and his immediate circle and pupils.
No one seems to have been left handed, you can tell that from halva and moves across the surface was a left hander mousse there hand, particularly, I'm not some parallel lines in a very different way, just enjoy orientation right hander so lives a smudge on the page for me.
No, if you imagine you're trying to do a series of parallel lines diagonally, which is how you created shading or background.
A, right hand goes from top right to bottom left, it's your natural movement.
That's my alarm moons of the left hander does it top left bottom right, so if you seen this very quick shading, and it's going in that left handed direction, then it's a very good pointer to it doing Barlow nada, I Suppose the other question is whether there's any doubt in your mind, that this is, Mona Lisa disrobed, Oh, it's not her no.
Well, it's, it's the same pose, but the facial tribe is distinctly different, it's not transcribe directly from MontLisa, it's somewhat larger was bigger and slightly larger, it's, it's using the Mona Lisa pose, but it's not her with no clothes on, as it were, right.
So what's the importance of this drawing or cartoon.
It's very interesting, because it's a very sexualised image, the idea of that a woman would sit in a chair, naked, certainly from the waist upwards in smile act Stuart was as provocative the Manet Olympia us, you know that, which caused a sensation on the nineteenth century, it's pictorial bad manners.
How something as explicitly communicative last as a nude woman, you had Venus's, yeah.
He had nude images of naked goddesses and mince in the Renaissance, but to present somebody who's sitting there as if a real woman.
I knew and smiling and chocolate is very daring Professor Martin Kemp staying in France and four months after winning the French presidential election imminent back, always facing protests on the streets criticism in the papers and popularity ratings dipped more sharply than any of his recent predecessors, is on the first French leader to suffer a rabbit Slidin approval when empower Jacques Shya can you could a Saint cuisean far swole all all more popular out of Office, The name Paris correspondent Lucy Williamson has been looking at wife French Presidents so often fall out of favour.
It's September the leaves are starting to fall along the Champs Elysee Emmanuel Macaw is rolling out his sweeping campaign of reforms and right on cue protesters of appearing in the streets, but maybe my McCall shouldn't worry too much, it's just the way things are here me leg was French Presidents, because it's in there, or a very own and for, but it is just, we always expect Ricardo like someone superstrong expect isms or too high, and then relieve short amount of time.
We, or is disappointed.
We're meeting on, because we all have when we, Hey, do we're yes, of course we incy to a prison.
All right, reforming or studying every President, it seems ends up in the doghouse, at least until he leaves Office against micron surfed to victory on a campaign of hope and renewal, but his popularity has plummeted since may more sharply even than that of his predecessor, Francois lawned and he ended up with the lowest approval ratings in modern French history.
Aren't just behave like a normal now and then people don't claps and no more men at the head of the nation, there when somebody different, they what their King Philippe lab is a political commentator, close to Michael, he says that now, one support by restoring a sense of grandeur to the Presidency, but That the French have a troubled relationship with power, they are happy that Michael restored a certain pristine, he knew that you had to re invent the costume of the unit, Oh, King, but they criticise him, because it's their nature, because the French ate everyone was in power.
First of all, they're lovin that glass someone think that the idolise him and then this starts discovering their Ford, so their floors and this start being what they are, or what difference or critical or sarcastic ironic or funny unsatisfied.
Patients are anxious.
I gave him my crew would like to hear part of the problem, perhaps, is that, as mackerel himself once said, the French part leave regret killing off their kings or that, as others believe they are driven to repeat the experience with every leader who looks a little bit like one.
The French have and storer current relationship with the President, which is quite strange, since they made the revolution, and they kill the King, one woman who's felt France's love, hate relationship with power, first hand is the singer Carla Bruni, wife of the former French President Nicolas Sarkozy when someone is elected something happens in France, and they still think he's looking.
So what do you do.
After he's been elected said he tried to cut his head off.
And that's, I mean, it's each time, you know, it doesn't really depend on who's the President and what he's doing.
Is it a good President, like mine.
Ah, Izzy and the deer, President, like some other can be began, and you're going to go.
I don't want to go in, and I'm not going to happen, it probably didn't help that the man who invented the modern French Presidency after world war, two positioned himself above the daily grind of politics, a Lings regal the voice of France, our please are well, but then general Charles the Gaul was almost seventy when he took Office and widely seen as a war hero, most politicians here, aren't Emmanuel McCall is thirty nine and a former banker, but he's also styled himself as a similarly duper teary and kind of leader many manhunt in so how is he seen by the next generation of voters at the echo do per loo West of Paris, teacher, Caroline, though, is leading a discussion about the role of the French President, what does he do you feared they were lap, we seek the verdict.
He does politics, we hip make speeches on epilogue sometimes he calls, England, to ask for extra troops Lucy wouldn't reporting from Paris.
That's all from us.
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