This is the B.B.C. for details of a complete range of programmes go to B.B.C. world service dot com forward slash, Welcome to the latest global news recorded in the early hours of Friday, the twenty ninth of September, I'm Alex ritson with a selection of highlights from across B.B.C. world service news today coming up, the United Nations has described the campaign against thorough hinges as ethnic cleansing, but does the U.N. itself have serious questions to answer do an act at the rear did in very simple terms, because it was referring to keep its good relations with the government over protecting him.
In Venezuela, that many people skip meals, because they can't afford to eat three quarters of Venezuelans have lost weight in the past year, an average of nine kilos in Lebanon, money can't buy you happiness, but it can pay for plastic surgery.
We face work with such a media as an Instagram wherever Audie selfies now, some people go to actually some plastic surgeons and ask, I wanted a good on my Instagram and an expensive mistake by the donkey, which apparently mistook an orange McLaren sports car for a giant carrot, but first, a grim landmark was passed on Thursday in the conflict in Western Myanmar, the number of Ranger Muslims estimated to have fled the country into Bangladesh exceeded half a million, and now an investigation by the b. b. c. has raised serious questions about how the United Nations has handled the issue will bring you that in just a moment.
But first, let's hear from the U.N. Secretary general himself Antonia good tear us briefing the security Council on the unfolding disaster, the situation is spear olds into the world's fastest developing refugee emergency and they humanitarian and human rights nightmare.
I continued to call on the Myanmar authorities took a city immediate steps, first to end the military operations.
Second, to allow an fats with excess what meditate and supports and served to ensure the safe voluntarily, dignified and sustain or return of the refugees to their areas of origin strong words from the U.N. Secretary general, but now interviews and documents leaked to the b. b. c. reveal that during the years running up to the current crisis, the un leadership in Riyadh and tried to prevent their own officials, raising the hinges problems with the Burmese government.
They also advised human rights advocates, not to travel to sensitive areas, a spokesman for the U.N. denied the claims, saying they had always prioritised human rights are former anmar correspondent Jonah Fisher sent this report in the months since Rick injure Muslims first began fleeing into Bangladesh.
The United Nations has been at the forefront of the response.
Delivering aid and making robust statements condemning the Burmese authorities situation remains a seam lives every Text, but a textbook example of ethnic cleanser, but could and should the un have done more before the killing and burning started really disturbing.
I think that's a marvellous cook possibly have been prevented watching the horrors from afar, is Caroline than dinner, a Belgian lawyer and aid worker between twenty thirteen and twenty fifteen, she ran the Office of the top United Nations official in Myanmar.
Her name is Renata dysart Liam, she's a comedian.
It was a stressful time tensions were high and reclaimed state where aid agencies were accused of taking the side of the river injure my, I'm going to be less says her boss became so afraid of upsetting the Burmese authorities that any suggestion that the U.N. should stand up and speak out for the hinges human rights became off limits, even in internal meetings.
Well, you could do it, but it had consequences, and it had negative consequences.
It had consequences that you were maybe no longer invited to meetings or it had consequences that your travel authorisations were not cleared atmosphere was created that talking about issues were simply was simply not is found in a baler, who worked in Rwanda before the genocide there says she repeatedly warned her boss, about the possibility of ethnic cleansing, but she says she was labelled an alarmist and a troublemaker, and frozen out of her job, do an act at the rear did in very simple terms, because it was referring to keep Its good relations with the government over protecting hard to reality.
It's a very sad theology, but I think it is the only reality.
Her comments have been confirmed off the record by other senior U.N. staff, he's going through a profound Princess duck threepence Thomas can Tana is more used to speaking out for six years, he was the un special report for human rights in Myanmar.
He told me via Skype from Argentina, but my son, Ian had also tried to stop him raising sensitive were it issues with the government, I she is that buys from her, saying, don't go why Andy, it wasn't like that.
So it was just so drench not drew the U.N. is aware that it does have a problem, a report that it commissioned two years ago and it was leaked to the b. b. c. says the un focused too heavily on the over simplified hope that development investment itself will reduce tensions, a memo prepared earlier this year for the new Secretary general called the un in Myanmar glaringly dysfunctional after those damaging assessments, the un announced in June that my son Ian would leave her job, but Emma seems to quite like and has blocked her replacement, so she's still in place.
This is, Shway man, the former speaker of the Burmese Parliament do that your misery.
She's fed and not biased.
So, whoever is biased towards to a hinge, or might like her Miz Desailly, and Declined to be interviewed for this piece, but in a statement her Office, said, we strongly disagree with the accusations that the resident coordinator prevented internal discussions and stressed, but she had the backing of the United Nations Secretary general in the last month, half a million really injure the fled into battle with them their tales of atrocities and abuse serve as a reminder to Caroline Vanden a dealer of the warnings that went and head are hard to say which action.
Wouldn't have been able to prevent this, but what I know for sure it was that the way it was was never going to pull ended one, the way it was done simply wasn't or English or disowned by the Burmese unwanted in Bangladesh.
Is there anyone who hasn't let down the wretched Jonah Fisher reporting.
The last time the world heard from the leader of the so called Islamic state Abu back al bag daddy, he's self declared calla fate's still stretched across large swathes of Syria and Iraq.
Now, after almost eleven months of silence and numerous reports of the leader's death, the group has posted what appears to be a new recording of him online, and the sailor demur when is thicker, but were thirty two and five your Arab Affairs editor Sebastian listened to the recording, it certainly does sound like him, we haven't yet verified that with the sort of equipment that that's necessary, and the use of experts in the U.S..
So, and haven't come up with a definitive answer, but it does sound very much like him, both in the tundra of what he says, and in the cadences what we heard there was a roll call actually of cities, where, as you were saying, I s. has suffered big defeats in the past eleven months since he issued the last statement he mention racket mention muscle.
He mentioned search there also one or two other references which seem to suggest that this has been made relatively recently.
He talks about the stand off between North Korea and Japan and the U.S., for example, so what else has he been saying, unless it starts with, what does the kind of standard twenty minutes or so of Islamic history of why I s. does what it does what it's enemies are, but it's really a rallying cry just has a year ago, was a rallying cried, then it was a rallying cry for Aye s. to stand firm in most soll and defend most sort of a last man, the last man certainly wasn't bye daddy because he left before the city fell.
Understandably, we don't know where he is now, but he is unlikely to be in any of her two or three cities were I s. is now facing huge offensives are likely to lose control, but there's a very large area, which is very open land, it isn't policed and any way, where he could potentially hide up For years, and not be found, and not be killed.
So he's cooling, as he has before, but I had to stand firm, but the blood that is being shed.
Now he's in a good cause, and that they will prevail.
It's essentially saying we're in it for the long game, as he's always said, and yet he was so widely presumed to be dead.
Well, the Russians came up with one of her most definitive claims back in June, I think it was saying that they had a bond, a high level meeting of leaders, and that he was among them, and that had a lot of credibility.
Sometimes there'd be many other claims or rumours before, but since then, there's been skeps, there's been scepticism about that claim, and I think this pretty much polite at.
I think he does seem to be alive.
Sebastian usher German police are hunting an extortionist.
He's planted poisoned foodstuffs in supermarkets in the South of the country, an email was sent to retailers, threatening to poison products in Germany and elsewhere in Europe, and there's millions of dollars were paid a Europe, regional editor Danny Ava Hart has more details.
The police say they're taking the threat very seriously.
A small number of jars of baby food contaminated with a colourless liquid ethylene glycol used in antifreeze, these were discovered in the town of Friedrichshafen on the shores of lake Constance, the police have released security camera footage of A man believed to be about fifty years old, whom they'd like to question.
They said, there was no need to panic, but the shoppers at home and abroad should check products for signs of tampering, the person or persons behind the plot have not specified what foodstuffs, they might target Danny Ava Hart to Venezuela.
Next, where the long running political and economic crisis has brought widespread poverty and hunger.
For many people, so bad has the situation become that vast waves of Venezuelans are having to leave the country to find help officially, there are three hundred thousand of them living in neighbouring Colombia, but the real figure is thought to be much higher.
And the Colombian authorities are struggling to cope the b. b. c. is Casey Watson has been observing the exodus in the Colombian border town of coucou as dawn breaks the rumble of suitcases is a familiar sound on the seam on believer international bridge linking Venezuela and Colombia.
Many of the cases are empty Venezuelans coming over to fill their bags with food to medicines.
They can't get back home.
Some twenty five thousand Venezuelans come across the bridge, every day, it's a short walk between the two countries, but their worlds, two women with a baby in a pushchair just walked through the border control and said to me, what a humiliation to see having to buy baby goods, I could see there were you buying nappies things they can't get in Venezuela, I would buy the crisis in Venezuela's taking its toll on everyone on the bridge.
There are plenty of mothers crossing to get their babies vaccinated as well as families pushing relatives in wheelchairs heading to the nearest hospital.
Some, though, are leaving for good mum seomar is saying goodbye to her son, Louise and his girlfriend Astrid, they're on their way to Chile, I have no choice.
There's Astrid, it's the only way to have a future.
There are mixed emotions as the family goes their separate ways, you're sad, but they also feel the crisis is so bad.
In Venezuela, that many people skip meals, because they can't afford to eat three quarters of Venezuelans have lost weight in the past year, an average of nine kilos.
The local Church.
Nearby is trying to help out, feeding between six hundred and two thousand people a day as the people come through her picking up plates on the long table for their food in the cooks stanich behind table, each with a massive, that's amber spoonful of rice, a ladle of beans of meat and a potato, where's the Motown and does tinkle missus Veronica is five months pregnant, she travels two hours every day with her mother, Maddy, Lou's to sell fruit at the market, they can't find work back home.
And this is the only proper meal.
Look at the weight, I've lost says her mother married was, I used to be healthy and strong, but We have to walk such a long way and work.
In the future, because, first of all, with the Nong when the real way for been a swill as hook on minus, they will be at the moment, there is a pretty big floral, but not everybody stays some gold back, they buy what they can and return, but what's going to happen.
Win, they can't go back any more, because the Madeira redeem gloves, a border or be caused the armed groups to control the border Wunderlich people go back.
No, we can, we're going to Venezuelans arrive with great expectations of A new life, but their savings here of worthless.
So many get stuck.
Unable to move forward, but determined not to go back, Katie Watson reporting from the Colombian Venezuelan border, you're listening to global news, it's the most important stories and the best interviews, and on the spot.
Reporting from the B.B.C. world service now news about how you can vote for what's going to be included in the final episode of our B.B.C. world service podcast series fifty things that made the modern economy.
The modern, Hello, I couldn't stick to fifty, I'm going for fifty one.
So what thing.
Should I be making an extra special podcast the credit card glass, the global positioning system, irrigation, the pencil all the spreadsheet.
These are all suggestions that came from a podcast listeners, and now you can vote for, which will be the fifty first thing that made the modern Akon vote online now at B.B.C. world service dot com slash fifty one things that's five one where you'll also find full terms and conditions.
Voting closes twelve noon, on Friday, the sixth of October twenty seventeen and now back to our own podcast in an effort to enforce U.N. sanctions, China has announced that North Korean companies operating in the country must close Pyongyang ze closest ally and largest trading partner, has already banned trading in textiles with the North and is gradually halting exports of oil products, But it's faced repeated accusations from the U.S of not putting enough pressure on Kim John earns regime, a spokesman for the Chinese defence Ministry said countries should improve their own policies before being critical, you couldn't it.
Yeah, final went the international Community knows that China has made great efforts and huge contributions to resolving the Korean issue, frankly, the crux of the nuclear issue rests on the conflict between North Korea and the United States.
So we wish the countries concerned would say something conducive to easing the situation and do something tangible.
Instead of shirking their responsibilities for self serving purposes thought involuntary cheer send injured face each other.
Earlier this year, China reduced purchases of coal from Pyongyang and clamp down on seafood and iron trade across the border, the b. b. c. is Vincent knee from a Chinese service has more on the latest announcement by the Chinese government companies, including joint ventures with Chinese firms have one hundred and twenty days to close from the date the U.N. resolution was adopted, which was September the eleventh, this means that by January didn't ma, it's two thousand eighteen or these companies operated by North Koreans in China have to be close, how much of an impact is this actually going to have on the North Korean economy, and more specifically on the North Korean leader, I think there would be some impact on North Korean leadership ended the economy, but there you mind North Korean Son, much as doing businesses in China.
They're also doing a lot of businesses elsewhere in Taiwan, South East Asian countries as well.
Da, da der going to completely ban those cumin businesses, although the amount of that is quite small in international standard.
The given North Korean sea, it could be the size of their economy.
This is actually a quite sizeable as well.
Yes, that we're always told that China accounts for about.
Ninety per cent of North Korean economy, how much of that.
Ninety per cent are we talking here, I think it's very difficult to say, in terms of the amount of businesses in China, there you mind that China has already stopped importing coals to North Korea and doing other businesses were career, the amount of the trade between China and North Korea has already been reduced previous rounds of U.N. sanctions, what's important to point out there is that the Commons Manisha of China does not want to create an impression to the international society that they are doing that to unilaterally in their statements.
They made a very clear, this is China's response to the U.N. resolution. other words, chivers simply complying the U.N. sanctions, rather than creating fresh sanctions against a North Korea are these, the U.N. sanctions, or it is China, putting his own sanctions in, and then watering them down.
I think in terms of the key parts of the economy, We were talking about there, for example, with the energy supply tude North Korea, where still not seeing Comus Ministry having saying too much about it.
So this is probably the key part of North Korea here at North Korean economic activity, if you like, that also supports their nuclear programme and we haven't seen too much update on those, but I suppose, as a Rex tell us in the U.S. Secretary of state is due to visit China today.
This is going to be talked about.
Also, I think, the China's party Congress, it is coming up, the only thing China wants to avoid it is to have regional chaos before the party Congress, which is due to take place on October the eighteenth, so I think the way this place well into the hands of the Americans, just to show that China is following U.N. sanctions, so when cracks to listen this in Beijing, he's not going to blame.
China, for not doing enough, however, China also wants to avoid a situation where too much sanctions woods make a North Korea collapse.
Vincent me or Kenya based charity says that louse has become the fastest growing Ivory market in the world thanks to the demand from Chinese visitors to the country, the charity.
Save the elephants, says that lacks enforcement of laws on the sale of smuggled Ivory has to blame Alistair Leith had reports like Vietnam and the prices are cheap in Laos, than on the Chinese Mainland and law and order is lacking.
The report authors say, meaning the illegal cross border trade is not police, the founder of save the elephants, Iain Douglas Hamilton says, China's decision to ban the domestic trade in Ivory by the end of this year, and increased Auntie Ivory sentiment has been hugely significant, the price of Ivory has dropped in Asia, but the poaching of elephants continues with tens of thousands being killed every year for their tasks.
Beirut is known for many things, but how about plastic surgery.
One in three Lebanese women are said to have had cosmetic enhancement, but now more than a third of procedures are being carried out on men.
So what's going on to b. b. c. is Olivia pad, then went along to have a look of blood being pumped down a tube into in the plastic surgery.
Remember in Beirut swear patient Paul is undergoing surgery on his nose, the lamb is the surgeon, yes, have a working today, it's Monday, so we are starting the week with the surgery.
I, he's having what surgery has a problem, his nose so without I could fix the problem with it.
O.K., let's go doctor Anna's now just started making decisions into pools the scalpel up into pools are left in Austria operations T.V., a week, two or three, you've pretty so half of the patients.
I remember a little bit less than have, why is the rate of nose jobs in the Middle East, particularly Lebanon, so high in comparison with the rest of the world.
I think the men, you've no other animals have ever out of for my clumps phill mark and orthogonal NewquayAsian people have that and all they really need, if you like people to be more the towards also snare Felicity, and I would have company with their noses, it's always like it was a bit out a noise problem when people don't like that.
So we're nearly at the end of the operation.
He said you were in for an hour and ten minutes and have this is checking that there's no extra bleeding there, everything's as we can.
I'm here in downtown debris and played just looking at all the billboards of young athletic men, there's no doubt that looking good here.
I've been speaking to tell me that male patients, as young as sixteen come today asking for surgery.
Most up under, why do young men here surgery similar healthy.
She is the fashion editor of the newspaper, I shout a lot beauty, a in the Arab world in general, in live, it's like going to the dentist every six months for surgery are doing Botox doing nip and tuck is quite normal.
It is thanks to social media that a lot of it's plastic surgery have become really arrive.
Now, specially in the Middle East, because everybody wanted look good, we face work with such a media as an Instagram Wherever he selfies now, some people go to actually some plastic surgeons and ask, I wanted a good on my Instagram surely your noses, you're kind of signify of ethnic identity.
Indeed, but when you're young, you feel you have to, because everybody has got, and you're the only one with the big a rooftop bar eighteen year old, who same say teeny who had surgery, just a few days ago, and has the plaster's still at the beginning, are used a gear, but she didn't like me, but because of my upbringing and into cheap off mine.
That's why he had to say that I do, I said, June, Oh, main viewers to buyers that its shape was that good, it was big and you after I heard says her journey about now, when I want to meet any gear.
I feel like I can do it, it seems of social media, continuing to grow and influence the way young people look, we'll see many more men having that Tux and nose jobs here in the Middle East, Olivia than reporting the row over Catalonia's independence referendum is deepening the regional government says the pole, we'll go ahead on Sunday as planned, but the Spanish government says it's unlawful and they want to stop, it is the Spanish security Minister Jose Antonio nyet.
I mean, what about Hilary, I've got a lot at, come on, get out, no on Sunday, everybody can celebrate as they wish, with a picnic With a demonstration, if they want everybody can publicly expressed her feelings, but they cannot violate the long, and we all have to try to avoid dads, above all, meanwhile, the foreign Affairs Chief of Catalonia rally called on the European Commission to intervene.
See the rights have been violated.
As I speak, and the quality of the markets in Spain is eroding, day after day, as worrier of the treatise, the only been Commission, then no longer argue that these, it's a domestic issue, they must defend the Treaty of the stand for the general interest of cattle and citizens, as the E.U. citizens, they are on Thursday police sealed off a warehouse in Barcelona that was stocking ballot boxes, in order to stop them being moved police said they would stop people entering polling stations, and they'd arrest people who attempt to work there asked our correspondent in Spain, Tom burridge what will people do.
I think there's two things to mention here.
First spoken to lots of pro independence people in Catalonia, who are determined to vote, so my sense is that there will be some form of vote on Sunday, some people are going to be determined to go to the polls.
The other thing is, the police and the police dynamic in Spain is complicated.
There are multiple police forces.
Here, there is the Spanish civil guard, please, there's the Spanish national pleased, they're both national forces.
And then there is Catalonia's please Moss potamus Region of Catalonia has its own, please, and that is the big question mark is whether the cattle and police are going to really work alongside the Spanish civil please and civil guard police and the and the national police to try and actually stop polling stations from opening and people actually going there and voting my sense is that they will generally, but they have split allegiances, because a lot of Moss, the Catalan police officers a pro independence release.
Some of them are, and therefore there, they will have a sort of divided loyalty, if you like, in theory, the police, all of the police are acting on the orders of judges, basically, who are working on the behest of the Attorney general of Spain, essentially, that the Spanish States, the Spanish state is said, the police in general, have to go out.
Stop this vote from happening.
In theory, that's what the police should do in practice.
In reality, what we will see should be generally that, but there might be some sort of police officers who find it difficult to actually stop people from voting in this referendum.
But what does this mean.
If the national government is going to refuse to accept the result.
Anyway, I think the key thing is whether logistically speaking, the Catalan autonomous government can actually hold a credible, vote, and I think the key thing.
In that sense, is, what will the turnout be if they say they still insist That they can hold some form of votes on Sunday, how many people actually go to the polling stations.
How many people will actually turn out obviously turnout is so low, it won't be credible or legitimate in the eyes of both people in Catalonia across Spain and elsewhere.
So that's really, I think, the thing we have to look out the Spanish state has done is not only detain Catalan local politicians sees a lot of paraphernalia, linked to the elections, a lot of computer stuff as well.
The actual sort of infrastructure of holding election, so this won't be an election, or a votes in the normal definition of those words in Spain, it will be if it goes ahead, something resembling a sort of census, I guess, within seven, part of the population.
And, of course, the Spanish state says there won't be a referendum, it can't go ahead, it can't be legal, because it's not allowed.
According to the Spanish Constitution, Tom burridge the owner of a donkey has been told to pay thousands of dollars in compensation to the driver of an expensive sports car, the McLaren spiders owner, went to Court in Germany after the donkey and question chomped the back side of the vehicle and his claim for damages was disputed.
Our correspondent in Berlin, Jenny hill takes up the story when the orange McLaren sports car pulled up at the side of his enclosure vicious the donkey must have thought all his Christmases had come at once.
The animal police say appears to have mistakenly expensive car for a giant carrot and tucked in the owner of the vehicle.
He'd had parked by the field, while he ran an errand told a newspaper that he first realised something was a miss.
When he returned to the car looked into the mirror and saw a suspicious pair have long ears.
Today, the even longer arm of the law, caught up with foetus, or rather his owner who has been ordered to pay for the damage, the man who'd insisted that Beatus might not have been the culprit had argued that it was the driver's fault for parking.
Such a tempting morsel too close to his field, the foreleg a defendant was not asked whether he had anything to break the himself Jenny hill.
And that's all from us.
For now, but an updated version of the global news podcasts will be available for you to download.
Later, if you want to comment on this podcast all the topics covered in it, you can send us an email.