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Newshour 2017-09-22:14:00.00
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  • Hello and welcome to news from the B.B.C. world service coming to you live from London, I'm Julian Marshall in today's programme, the war of words between North Korea and the United States takes a turn for the worse, but does it mean military action is now a likely option.

  • And what did the South Koreans, make of it also today, you belike losers had operating licence in London, and what role is immigration playing in the German election campaign.

  • If rhetoric is any measure of the potential for conflict, the United States, North Korea could be close to military confrontation.

  • This year has seen a series of missile a nuclear test by North Korea, which, in turn, have led to joint military exercises by the United States and its allies in the region, South Korea and Japan and the imposition of ever more sanctions by the U.N. security Council and the United States, and this has been accompanied by an increasingly personal exchange of, threats and insults between President trump and the North Korean leader Kim Jong earn in one of his recent verbals salvos President trump accused Mister Kim have being a rocket.

  • Man on a suicide mission and threatened to totally destroy North Korea, Kim Jong honours replied in a rare personal statement read on the Stade t. v. with his own withering put downs.

  • Now the trump has threatened the very existence of an insulted me And my state before the eyes of the world and made the most vicious declaration of war in history, but he would destroy our Republic we too will carefully consider exercising the corresponding highest level of ultra hardline countermeasures in history, whatever trump may have thought he will see results beyond it.

  • I will tame the do child of the United States without fail, without fail, and President trumps laters Twitter retort.

  • A couple of hours ago that can John one of North Korea was obviously a madman who doesn't mind starving or killing his people will be tested like never before.

  • But what kind of resolve is there in Washington for tough action to follow the tough talk's Scott Snyder is a senior fellow for careers studies of the cancer lump foreign relations and author of South Korea, at the crossroads autonomy and Alliance in an era of rival powers and Mister Snyder are their voices within the white House within the trump administration, who will back trumps tough talking rhetoric, I think there's a debate about what the United States can tolerate entrance of North Korea's capability to strike the States with a nuclear weapon, but it's pretty clear that the current strategy is really focused on a redoubled economic Prussia and possibly combined with diplomacy.

  • If we can find a way to do it.

  • So it's really a classic chorus of diplomatic strategy.

  • Is there a red line.

  • I think the red wine and some ways, that's What's being debated, whether it's the capability that North Korea has to strike the States, or whether or not we can actually, we'll have with nuclear vulnerability future North Korea in the same fashion that we lives worth nuclear vulnerability to the Soviet Union and China continued, but a couple of quotes from former and indeed present senior Republicans, the former U.N Ambassador John Bolton, has been saying that the United States must consider using the military option against North Korea Senator lyndsie Graham has said, it's time to more forcefully back up a diplomatic efforts with the threat of a credible military option, we haven't seen that have we, I think throughout has always been their Secretary Marius was indicated as much as was Nicky Hayley, but in terms of actually using that option, you really, that is, the option of last resort,, we, or, which herself to pursue all the alternatives.

  • And, in fact, American public a penny, as measured by the Chicago Council global Affairs shows than Americans diplomatic options to be tried.

  • First, possibly followed by cause, and then all military options.

  • As a last resort and dealing with North Korea.

  • What about the U.S military, though, are they in tune with the politicians on this um..

  • I think that Secretary matters has provided reliable leaders burned will provide plans necessary buds as necessary, but clearly we want to avoid a military confrontation at all cost.

  • If possible, so you don't think that a military confrontation.

  • That is any closer.

  • Now than, say, it might have been in January, I actually think Royal toward confrontation, as the other alternative options for dealing with North Cree are exhausted.

  • We move closer, and so there are risks of, frankly, so you're out of the economic an option in the diplomatic options.

  • If those fail or than will be loved only with military my Snyder, many thanks God Snyder senior forever career studies of the Council on foreign relations in Washington.

  • But even though North Clare is now said to have missiles capable of reaching the United States, South Korea, would find itself in the front line in the event of the outbreak of conflicts with Kim Jong and seemingly undeterred by threats and sanctions in South Korea, attempted to take up a more aggressive posture, moon Jay and last week threatened to destroy North Korea beyond recovery after beyond Bjorn's Yang's latest missile testing.

  • Yet, he says, he remains committed to a diplomatic solution and yesterday, the South authorised a million dollars' worth of humanitarian aid for the North, he and is a research fellow at the Korean peninsula forum in sold so will this latest outburst from Kim Jong un hardener stance of his former adversary.

  • South of the border when Jane Eyre is walking on a tightrope.

  • He has to support to continue supporting his party's stance for more dialogue with North Korea, but on the other hand, he has to be in synch with Allies such as the U.S. and Japan, but there clearly is a more hawkish side too.

  • South Korea's President, in the past few weeks, President moon has sought stronger warheads some ballistic missiles stepped up military drills to scuffs the deployment of U.S. strategic bombers to South Korea and embraced a missile defence system that he once questions.

  • So he does seem to be leaning towards being more hawkish towards the North, that is very true Jane has had to readjust his policies towards North Korea, but not over much, he is not leaning, far right, for example, some of view, a factions in the right have supported the possibility of reintroducing nuclear weapons into the South Korean peninsula.

  • That is something that is hotly debated, but wouldn't Jane has said, vet, yes, barmy and a missile defence system called facade, but no, so far, no to actual nuclear weapons on the South Quinton and so, but the rhetoric from Kim Jong un is becoming ever more incendiary, I mean, surely this must be of concern to the government in the South Korea has been living with that rhetoric, since the end of the Korean war in the eighteen fifties fifty eight South Korea is trying to balance out the power play between the U.S., China and Japan, and trying to should keep everything, a little bit more reasonable.

  • Then, or what has been flailed by President trump, and what has been flailed by do you, John, then, And I think when Jay in, he's trying his best to keep the peace, so to speak, and right now, it is taking its toll.

  • When North Korea decimated.

  • What he called a hydrogen bomb at the beginning of the month, President trump accused President moon of appeasement, in terms of his approach your reaction that is correct, but when President trump met with President moon this week with our Prime Minister, our patient, you are better, we could see that they wanted to show a sign of a together start, so to speak, but he denku, from the Korean peninsula.

  • Future for him.

  • And so three days have now passed since Mexico has devastating earthquake and rescuers continued to try to read survivors in the rubble of collapsed buildings in the capital, and elsewhere in the country, but time is running out rescue efforts are also now being hampered by heavy rain, which has raised fears that more damage buildings could collapse.

  • More than two hundred eighty people are now known to have died, the earthquake struck.

  • About one hundred and twenty kilometres from Mexico city in the b. b. c. is David Willis now reports from the epicentre driving himself from Mexico city along some nerve jangling windy roads, the bustling towns and Dayglo hamlet's all their own modest testimony to the effects of this country's latest earthquake, we left them behind us.

  • However, headed as we were to the epicentre of Tuesday's trembler and the tiny the Earthquake will be forever sealed on the vines one overt Salas twelve hundred strong population solar is dominated by a colonial style Catholic Church, the Church of Santiago, the Apostle, just as the earthquake struck at lunchtime on Tuesday, a three month old baby girl was here, getting baptised the quake left eleven people buried under the masonry, including the girl herself, her sister and her mum stood coloured Church now lies in ruins.

  • The Plaza at the front, the new home of one of the Bell towers vast inside massive chunks of masonry litter the floor from day one, was a was six members of the unbelievers family were attending the baptism.

  • Now, all of them are dead, including his wife and two of his daughters, looking at when I don't know, I saw the building collapse from the window of my House, he told me, I tried to reach it, but it was just a big cloud of dust.

  • By the time I made it in there, they were already dead.

  • The coffins of the eleven who died were lined up outside Grazzi Ana's front door for burial place has now been taken by crucifixes and flower in the town square.

  • We found a long line of residents waiting in the hope of food and groceries from a visiting charity group, it's a sign of the spirit here that when their supplies ran out the news was greeted, not by protest, but a polite ripple of applause the Honours sole surviving daughter Joanna says anguish is born with dignity in these parts, not to mention a growing sense of resignation Bessie and Bella one demo.

  • Actually, I'm scared.

  • I think these earthquakes seem to be getting stronger and stronger.

  • But I am convinced it is God's will look at them.

  • I trust my life with yet, for all their suffering.

  • The people here know it could all have been so much worse at the quake occurred just two days earlier, virtually the entire town.

  • Here would have been wiped out that he receives her David Willis reporting from the Mexican state of this is Julian Marshall with news, a live from the B.B.C. and a headline Cert this hour an application by Auber to renew its licence in London has been rejected on the grounds that it's not a fit and proper private car hire operator, the British Prime Minister is due to unveil proposals for a transitional deal with the European Union on breaks it, and later in the programme we have voices from the oil rich city of canna cook in northern Iraq, just days before a highly divisive referendum on Kurdish independence, we don't want any fight back.

  • If anybody fight, as we will defend this is our land, we would like to grow up their flow of freedom, flower of democracy, it is a great them, because you've been waiting for more than one hundred years.

  • This is more in our continuing coverage of The election campaign in Germany, while Angela Merkel is poised for a fourth term as Chancellor in Sanders elections, it's quite likely, there will be a new party in the Bandar stark the A.F. de with its populist anti Islam anti immigration rhetoric has forced immigration centre stage over the ours Razia Iqbal in Germany, I'm in Dortmund, a city which has been transformed by migration over many decades, just two years ago, there was more transformation when Angela Merkel allowed the population of Germany to swelled by more than a million, the space of me a weeks, we can manage.

  • She said, the social fabric of the country has been profoundly altered and the security of the country seriously challenged while missus Merkel may not have wanted to make migration are significant campaigning issue, the resonance of the populist right wing A.F. de party has forced it into the mainstream.

  • I've been finding out how successfully.

  • People have been managing the challenge of integration and immigration.

  • I don't think you shall have the other, with the modern version, it's market day in dad Andy not uncommon sound of Church bells in a German city can pass without comment.

  • But here in Dortmund and across many urban centres presence of Church bells has mingled for decades viewer cultural intervention is arriving from different countries.

  • Over the years, have made their mark here in nochdadh a of Dortmund, hundreds of ethnic identities and languages.

  • This district was always the part of The city of where the people arrived, since one hundred fifty years, it's the melting pot for Alex focal runs a collective of bloggers in this area.

  • Many people are afraid to come here, because you'll find many things were criminality drug dealing, so it's the city district, where the percentage of poor people, as the highest, the unemployment rate is very high, and was the highest of migrants.

  • When you see other U.S. everything this very highly segregated you've, China, Taiwan, Korea, tour of Harlem, it's totally mixed up.

  • Everybody's living next to each other, and it's to this district, where many of the most recent migrants came so warmly welcomed back in twenty fifteen at Dortmund train station, mark her a cheque at all.

  • Lou is a, German, Turkish woman, she was there to greet them, and she set up train of hope, an N.G.O. to help migrants integrate they come out from the camp, being taken, and they're on flats and nobody helps them, we're playing table football breaks the ice.

  • We are new migrants show up.

  • Come on, else sired is a civil engineer from Syria, he was among those who were helped by the N.G.O., and now he helps others into, I think, very fishes find them safe.

  • So I donated I were challenges to build, which is between if wishes, a Community that was Lady offiah art of projects courses which panto if, which is that if the first open for Community, I'm Standing there on feet in Dortmund, four out of five migrants have moved into their own flat these, despite what the Lord Mayor of the city, all rigs says, is a lack of help from Berlin, Angel miracle concentrated on making Sophie's whizzer refugees, as that was her contribution to deal was a crisis, but we had to spend the night at actors or anybody station o.two to take care of the refugees coming here, so's she perhaps it is a groat public was the Angel of the said were all come here, but she, in the end, was doing nothing.

  • Two dual izzles problems.

  • This was done by the civil society was done by the local authorities bed, not by it.

  • Federal Minister in two years, they didn't do anything.

  • Actually, O.K., so they didn't do anything, they made the decision, she made the decision to allow as many people to come into the country.

  • I do it was that was that a mistake.

  • The mistake was that she was not prepared for that decision, they made a promise to those people to come here, but he didn't keep to, we are following breaking news out of Berlin, where a truck has ploughed through a Berlin Christmas market police forces across Europe are hunting a twenty four year old Tunisian man in, but it was a migrant who should have been deported who committed that attack boosted the effectiveness of the rhetoric coming from the right wing populist A.F. De Parsi, they garnered some regional electoral success and have since forced migration centre stage in the camp.

  • Migration is the Hotspot, take it or not.

  • I mean, we could discuss, you can discuss about everything, but you can not not discuss thought society change its fruits and people who want to discuss what's going on with that right.

  • Roland tissue is Chairman of the conservative Ludwig Erhard Foundation, he's also a publisher of a magazine, which he argues addresses some of the issues ignored by the mainstream.

  • They are not part of the game.

  • Debra not in tack, they're not responsible for all of this, they always were criticised think government and opposition, for not criticising government.

  • I mean, beer for all party government at the moment in Germany, as a matter of fact, the crest chintz or from migration is very like muddy water into our howlers from draw us in by the door steps by the seller by the roofer.

  • So muddy waters coming, this is Michael his face real hostility on the campaign trail, Merkel go away.

  • They're saying, to avoid the Hector's she has gone away, no longer holding rallies outside.

  • What's more, there's been a shift in the open arms policy when it comes to migration.

  • Yesterday, she said, the kinds of numbers that came in twenty fifteen would never happen again.

  • And the government says more deportations are being force, I've come to meet their Jeep, he's twenty five years old, his father Is sick, and all his family is in Germany, they said to me that Afghanistan us safe for you, but it's not safe for my family, but waits for me, how can it will you say, for me, young people in Afghanistan down safety always see every day, and I think he'll want and lots of them, but bonding and with exploding every sick in as with distressed that, maybe I can go back in Afghanistan.

  • And what would be happen.

  • Maybe they kill me, maybe I apart from my family, and every day ever sick in this bit stressed with the problem for me, if the government says, you have to go back.

  • Will you go, I cannot go and I were mug them.

  • We want is for you to help us, there are also human bear also people like a few years, so just help us pain and anxiety for a Jeep from Afghanistan.

  • Do you won't know for a while.

  • What lays in store for him for Germany, though some questions will be answered.

  • After Sunday's election, not least, how many seats, the populist right wing A.F. de will have in Parliament.

  • Some say it will be as many as fifty and that it could be the third biggest party, that will be a watershed Angela Merkel's foreign Minister sigmarsson Gabriel has spoken of the prospect of real Nazis in the German Reichstag.

  • For the first time since the end of world war, two, if nothing else, This does feel like a moment of reckoning for German, we will be continuing our coverage of the election, over the weekend, with a special programme on Sunday after polls close seventeen hundred hours G.M.T. do join me, then you're listening to a podcast edition of news are available twice each day, straight after the live edition of the programme.

  • And if you're enjoying this, then why not take a look at other podcasts from the B.B.C. world service sitters the food chain.

  • A pug cards for foodies farmers and anyone who cares about what they eat and where it comes from all the daily commute from my colleagues on world update is available every day to sign up free of charge.

  • Go online and search B.B.C. world service podcast coming up next a base taxi service over Louis's its licence to operate in London, but first, a Japanese Court has ruled that the operator tap, rather than the government was responsible for the nuclear meltdown at focus shimmer in twenty eleven the nuclear plant there was badly damaged by a massive earthquake and tsunami wave radiation was spewed over a massive area, leaving vast swathes of land uninhabitable.

  • Thousands of people were evacuated and the quarters awarded more than three million dollars to a group of forty two evacuees are Asia Pacific editor Celia hadden is with me in the studio and Celia.

  • Why is the Court found the company, rather than the government culpable.

  • Will the Court found That the company ignored, a government report dating back to two thousand to that said, there was a one in five chance that a large tsunami wave could affect the Fukushima coastline and could damage a nuclear reactor.

  • So, this is the second major Court judgement.

  • We've seen in Japan in the past couple of months, the first judgement said that both the government and the power tap Cody Tokyo electric power company, we're both to blame.

  • They both should have emphasised and put in place the recommendations of this report, this ladas Court judgement has found that really, it was the power companies duty to pay attention to this government report, and it said, really, he'd ignored this recommendation.

  • Instead, it decided to place this nuclear reactor right at the water's edge, just ten metres above sea level, and crucially, it placed back up power generous generators, which could have kept the nuclear play it cool and could have stopped her potential meltdown.

  • In the case of a tsunami wave, it decided to place those by the water's edge.

  • As well, it didn't place them further away, and that really was a second crucial mistake made by the operator.

  • And that's where the Court today has decided that this accident was preventable.

  • Now, you're in a position to give us some idea of the massive devastation caused by the earthquake, tsunami, and then p. leak of radiation.

  • You were in focus mother shortly after this took place.

  • The others, Red, I think I was one of the only foreign correspondents in in near Fukushima.

  • At the time I was position for a week at focus, she met airport, airport sleeping on the floor, just outside the mandatory evacuation zone, and I've got to tell you, Gillian is such a beautiful place before the tsunami, I before.

  • One hundred and sixty thousand people fled that area.

  • Fifty five thousand people, they're still outside of that evacuation zone you, it's such a beautiful spot, it was known for its pristine agriculture, it's beautiful farms it, and it was really quite sad to see people piling into their cars, filling the roads and leaving to get to the nearest evacuation zone, and then during the day.

  • The next day, as soon as they could get some gas in their collars to push on even further.

  • Forty two evacuees Ard to be compensated, as a result of this most recent ruling, but presumably, there are others wanting compensation absolutely, so there are about thirty class action suits in place at the moment, all moving their way through the Japanese Court.

  • So these are all evacuees, who were living in different parts of Japan, so they're placing their losses were different parts of the Japanese Prefecture.

  • So all of these cases are moving ahead slowly, and we'll see what they decide as time goes forward, she Lemony thanks.

  • That was our Asia Pacific editor Celia hat, you said he was from the b. b.

  • Or c.

  • I'm Julian Marshall the airbase taxi service, which is to be found a more than seven hundred cities around the world might now have to take London off that list, since it launched in the British capital in twenty twelve, it's proved hugely popular with an estimated three point five million years of the app, enabling them to order a car, often within a matter of minutes to take them from wherever they are to their chosen destination, and that's also meant work for some forty thousand drivers, but Hooper's days could now be numbered, the London transport authority, says it will not renew it operating life science highlighting a number of failings relating to safety concerns over is to appeal London's Mayor siud Khan told the b. b. c. the transport for London was right to ban the company, you know the rules, they Richard operates in London, they felt abide by the rules according to tearful every operator should understand the rules are there for a reason, and they should abide by them, but that's what a tearful have said tearful have said, look, this dish, it isn't anti private hire vehicle operators.

  • This decision.

  • Isn't anti innovation or anti technology, this decision is anti accompany failing to play by the rules.

  • If drivers are angry, as they will be if uses a you angry, as they will be that anger should be targeted towards Luba for knowing the rules and failing to play by them.

  • Well, in the studio with me.

  • Now that he was his business correspondents here legged and in what way has over failed to play by the rules.

  • Well.

  • Transport for London, the London regulator has set out a number of problems that it's raised, which it says, shows that demonstrated a lack of corporate responsibility, one of those, and perhaps the key one is its approach to reporting serious criminal offences.

  • Now we know that has come in for a lot of criticism, not least from the metropolitan police in London for allegedly selectively reporting reports of sexual assault, and other crimes would be denies there Snooper says it's not its responsibility to report crime.

  • Anyway, it's the responsibility of the victim, but nevertheless, it has faced criticism for that.

  • Transport for London also says it's concerned with it was approached to how medical certificates and criminal records for its drivers are obtained, it's not at all happy with that, and also Hooper has developed software, known as, grey ball.

  • Now, this is an application that allows it to sift out passengers, which it considers a troublesome, but it doesn't want using its services, but concerns have been raised, not just in London, but in other cities around the world that Goober could use this to prevent regulators from being able to carry out spot checks on its drivers and on services.

  • Now it says it has it hasn't explained carefully enough how it plans to use that software, so That's another concern the current licence runs out what on September thirtieth does that mean the end of the road for Ruben, no, it doesn't over has to appeal within twenty one days of this decision, we know it's going to appeal, and it doesn't have to stop providing services until all avenues of appeal have been exhausted, and Hooper has already said, it will fight this in the courts of it has to, so we aren't going to see who'd be disappearing from London streets, any time, that's it, and I would imagine, though, a lot of disappointed drivers potentially are definitely a lot of disappointed Londoners Londoners have become used to over.

  • I think that's fair to say, if we came in, in twenty twelve it set itself up as an intermediary, a disruptor offering much cheaper services than, for example, you can get from a London black cab.

  • On the other side of the coin, London, black cab operators say they'll offer a much better service than that, who brand, he cuts them by not playing to the rules, but it is a fact that tens of thousands of people, offer it offer services through the drivers themselves, and many people use it, that's if there were to stop operating these services, the chances are someone else would come in and take over, because the market has been proven, and this decision as tear fell had sadness, the Mayor pointed out, is aimed at deficiencies in the Way, he's operating not at its existence, per se.

  • There, many thanks, that was a business correspondents here leg, but, as I mentioned dooba operates in more than seven hundred cities around the world, but would like to have a presence in more, even before this set back in London, Luba has come under fire from drivers and competitors cross the globe, leading to a full on ban in several of the cities and countries, someone who has been following goobers problems closely is Nicholas has the anti trust petition reporter for politico based in Brussels.

  • Would you agree there with leg at some assessment that Hooper has developed a successful business model.

  • Yes, I would, it's important that's when you were first arrived in Europe, it's its flagship services er service connected passengers chair non lighting his tribe that was throughout Europe and very, very quickly that service, it's got withdrawn in the face of opposition authorities from taxi drivers and consumer groups, and so on, including in the U.K.. it's second version, you were out connects passengers with licence strike this, which is what there is in London.

  • At the moment, and Jack that has met with more success than steering through regulatory requirements across your he's up and running in in many you're in countries, it's true with brown do burying degree, it's over his failure to play by the rules.

  • Here in London, that has led to the non raiding renewal of its licence has that Been the pattern in other cities and countries swearer Gruber as wonder problems or where's had problems acute from Spain, France, Italy, Germany, in Spain, for example, be actually taxi associations in Barcelona took legal action against hubris thing, but it was unfair competition bits.

  • It wasn't respecting the rules set down taxi stretcher and catch up nicely strivers and so on, it was a response was just saved there.

  • They were there a media technology platform standing in between the passenger and the driver are made in aperture in how particular responsibility in the transaction.

  • It took place.

  • They bat is irresponsibly tried in not ask your friend, it hasn't has me kick it successful.

  • What's interesting.

  • From the European perspective, about, it's Titian wonder, the model that exists in London at the moment you wrap connect us and gestured bison stripe.

  • He's actually quite surveillance in in Europe without too much, without you any problems at the moment, across your regulators are local authorities, the handout licences and local authorities are control these markets, looking at what's happening in London, they wee wondering whether perhaps you were her House, they have the same problem.

  • That's the ups in mirrors use would be burned or local markets.

  • My hearse, many thanks Baz Nicholas has the anti trust incomplete competition reporter for political based in Brussels, the Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina ze call for safe zone, supervised by the United Nations to be set up inside may bring me A mark'd to protect Ranger Muslims, more than four hundred thousand of them have fled me and mark in recent weeks at the refugees have spoken of violent abuses by the Burmese military and photographic evidence shares dozens of Muslim villages have been destroyed at the government or Amar is denied these allegations and says, there are henges burn down their own homes, but as a correspondent Jonathan head was able to expose that official narrative us false when two weeks ago, while on a Burmese government run tour for journalists.

  • He witnessed local Buddha's gangs burning a village in front of the police.

  • Now he's in Bangladesh and went to find one of her family's from that today.

  • I'm on a mission to find someone from a specific village.

  • That's the village of got each other over in recount state, which I filmed being set alight.

  • Just two weeks ago, walked into this village, we saw a massive column of smoke appear over the rights feels we've come into it, it is literally just been set alight.

  • So we're off now through the squelchy rice fields to meet a man whose family have come from going to chatter is a group of men, just in front of me, I think it's one of them.

  • Blue honey has stood the reunion gliding.

  • You're a build up of mind.

  • Out of the ball.

  • We've just been looking at me, that I might have got the map on my, I phone, and I've expanded it, so he can see the shape of God and his name's Abdul Magee, he's absolutely sure that's where he comes from, he's identified the bridge going over the river.

  • Just before the village, so we're going to go up to his House, or whatever, shelter, he's got here to see his family, the upper hill.

  • Now all around me, people are putting up shelves as well, they just frames really made of split bamboo.

  • That's all people live under here.

  • You can see this was kind of some scrub covered hillside, there was nothing here.

  • Two weeks ago, plastic sheeting, they sleep under it is, it's just as thin as a bin liner, it's hard to see that keeping out the monsoon rains.

  • But that's what thousands and thousands hoorah hinges have as a shelter, but just following Abdul Majid, now we're going down, I can see his House in front of us there.

  • Think, had a shelter.

  • And it's literally on the side of a hill.

  • I'm going to sit down with him, and open my my laptop and show him the video that I filmed of his village, when it was on fire.

  • So that I think my love.

  • Like, that's your him, I let mugger.

  • I'm shot.

  • We've got about, I don't from the other.

  • Yes, the colour.

  • No, I a mother will help you, I don't buy the recognised the Tower, yeah.

  • These people are seeing their village burning, the first Time after they left it again.

  • And then I know what happened to it, having the garden.

  • We've got a few that was amazing.

  • As we play that video abdomen cheek was quite excitedly pointing to buildings.

  • He recognise and actually, if you look at his face.

  • You can really see it's had quite an effect on him there watching this heat, he run away from the village before it was burnt it wouldn't have had a playing out of that one, it wasn't even if they gave us a sackful of money, we wouldn't choose to stay with did intruders.

  • In the end, mark, and there was peace and you'd go back right away.

  • We're not happy being here, we're not here for the food, but only to see if I've got it.

  • I don't know, I don't, so there's a real sense of completion.

  • Now, when I saw that burning village, I so wondered what had happened to its inhabitants really feared for them, it's, in some ways, wonderful to meet someone who escaped and has come over here, he's with his family.

  • And yet, at the same time, when you look at what he's got in his prospects.

  • There's so little help for these people, but so little future, Bangladesh, doesn't want them Abdul Majid is quite desperate.

  • He says he doesn't want to live here.

  • He doesn't want to stay, he just can't go back.

  • That was the B.B.C.'s Jonathan head reporting from Bangladesh, where he Tracked down a group of villagers from me and mark, who had had homes burnt down by Buddhist can was overlooked by the police.

  • I might have our top story, this hour in an exchange of insulting words, the leaders of the United States in North Korea, a question be T'others sanity Scots Nida was a senior fellow for career studies of the cancer lump foreign relations, and he told me he was out the intensifying referee could be laying a dangerous path towards conflict.

  • I actually think Royal toward confrontation.

  • I end, as the other alternative options for dealing with North Cree are exhausted.

  • We move closer, and so there are risks of frankly fell, you're of the economic, the dogmatic options.

  • If those fail or than will be loved only with military, and that is headlines from the b. b. c. news um an application by Goober to renew its licence in London has been rejected on the grounds that it is not a fit and proper private car.

  • This is Julian Marshall with news from the B.B.C. world service U.N. security Council as added its voice to those condemning the independence referendum in Iraqi Kurdistan stun warning that it has the potential to destabilise the region that the vote is scheduled to take place next Monday observers expect a resounding yes result, one of the most serious points of contention.

  • There is the cared a cook, which is rich in oil and which the Iraqi government doesn't Recognise as part of quite a stand at all, it's also an area still partially under the control of the Islamic state group Paul Moss reports from care a cook.

  • Yes, mug up on a remote hillside in the West of kick cook province, northern Iraq, the company have Kurdistan soldiers, the patient Berger had been put through their paces battle hardened young men, but also, among them many female volunteers, this is the front line against Islamic state.

  • And with just days until Curtis down votes on whether to declare independence nationalist feeling here is running high, the U.S. and Britain have opposed the vote worried that if Kurdistan goes it alone.

  • It will be a weaker parts of the anti Islamic state coalition, but the Peche Burger Commander here general command cookie promises his troops won't budge.

  • Until they've won sure really frightening to this with oil or no, they Kenworth called Coran and clearly seeing Cronus and you to attack the quotas are already to defuse this land, it is strange.

  • We're on a hillside looking down over a landscape dotted with villages still held by Islamic state.

  • One of It's just a few kilometres from where I'm standing, but these posh Burger soldiers with their guns at the ready, are all too aware that if Kurdistan does vote for independence.

  • The next big battle, they fight, maybe against those who were their allies in the battle against Islamic state, perhaps even the Iraqi national army, they May attack in an effort to stop Kurdistan breaking away my nemesis in Imad cow cookie, we don't want any fight back, if any, when you fight, as we will defend this is our land, we would like to grow up their flow of freedom, flower of democracy, it sounds very romantic, but here we are on a hillside and what we're looking at is Islamic state based just over the hill.

  • Do you feel ready to declare a state in that situation.

  • It isn't great them, because you've been waiting for more than one hundred years.

  • The trouble is what counts as we, he's very much in contention here in Keir cook who actually counts as a citizen of Kurdistan, one who should be voting in the referendum curds and Arabs have been fighting over this region for decades, not unrelated to the fact that care cook has vast oil fields questions of national identity.

  • Here are complex and perhaps intractable according to hog ear wear ear, one, O.K., cooks leading political commentators cook cook is very much important to have the caddis Tanya calls a lot lives have been given only four days, but the understanding among the Iraqi population at large.

  • Is that, could cook is part of Iraq.

  • There is a plethora of she armed groups around could cook, and it is quite likely for one of them to be emotional enough and start something that could lead to a protracted conflict.

  • Could you start off Bob the other, and the political temperature is going up, this was the Governor have Kir cook province nudge modine Kerim speaking at a rally in the town of dubs earlier, the Baghdad government had attempted to remove Karim from his post after he said that kick cook should take part in next Monday's independence referendum Ros you do sum up rosy next Monday is a historic day, the Governor told the crowd.

  • Do not waste it.

  • That report from our code are stunned by the B.B.C.'s Paul Moss Florence was the cradle of the Renaissance, a time of great social and cultural change in Europe, and Britain's Prime Minister, Theresa man's chosen Italian city to make a speech today, which he hopes will breathe new life into stalled negotiations on Britain's exit from the European, you're inches still speaking, but this is what she had to say on working with the European Union, to find a solution on trade, as I said at Lancaster House, let's not seek merely to adopt a model already enjoyed by other countries', instead, let us be creative, as well as practical and designing an ambitious economic partnership which respects the freedoms and principles of the E.U. and the wishes of the British people.

  • And I believe there are good reasons for this level of optimism and ambition.

  • First of all, the U.K. is the e. use largest trading partner, one of the largest economies in the world, and a market of considerable importance For many businesses and jobs across the continent.

  • The E.U. is our largest trading partner, so it is in all our interests to find a creative solution with me in the studio are British Affairs correspondent Rob Watson is also mean listening to the speech and that reference there to Lancaster House, the last time that Theresa may set up Britain's negotiating position on brakes, it from what she's said so far.

  • Any shift in many ways, it's a restatement of what she said, then, and that is that, look, Britain is going to be leaving the European Union, I know that's a shock.

  • She said, some people in the U.K., and, of course, plenty of people in Europe, but it's going to happen, and we don't want to be in the European Union.

  • We don't to be sort of then saw them.

  • We want a new and special partnership, I think her message was slightly different in that since she made that speech in general.

  • And, since the negotiations been quite tricky.

  • She was much more, how can I put this Julian emollient trying to sound much more friendly towards the Europeans to get a better deal.

  • And just in the last few minutes, she has been making, I think, rather a key parts of our approach, and that is to say, look, we accept there is going to have to be transition period after Britain officially leaves the E.U. in March of twenty nineteen and that Britain will Do that, depending on how long it takes how long it takes for new arrangements to come into place.

  • And, crucially, I think she said that Britain would accept the use, kind of rules, regulations and way of doing things.

  • What people were wanting to hear also or other European politicians was how much of a tour Britain was prepared to pay to leave the European Union that hasn't happened yet.

  • No, but I think we're going to get that I don't think she's going to put a precise sum on it, but I think she's going to say that, look, if Britain is going to effectively, if you like, postpone Brax at.

  • I mean, let's not mess about Julian.

  • I mean, essentially, that's what the Prime Minister, it seems to me, as suggesting we'll postpone Brax cept for up for a couple of years.

  • P.S., Britain will have left the E.U., but will continue paying into the budget, we will continue to accept the rules of the E.U., while we come up with this new relationship, and in many ways, I think a lot of people looking at this would say, hang on a minute.

  • This is sort of kicking the can down the road, because that the really tricky.

  • But what kind of relationship will Britain have with the when it really, really, really, really lives that you are very briefly, um Rob the hope is that her speech will clear the air.

  • Well, Britain wants to move From talking about the divorce divorced what comes next, and that's what they hope we can move on to Rob, many thanks.

  • That was a correspondent Rob Watson, and that's it.

  • From this edition of news from me.

  • Julian Marsh on the rest of the team in London.