This is the B.B.C. for details of a complete range of programmes go to B.B.C. world service dot com forward slash, Welcome to the latest global news compiled in the early hours of the morning.
On Tuesday, the fifth of September, I'm Alex ritson with a selection of highlights from across B.B.C. world service news today coming up, the United States, as accused North Korea of begging for war, after its latest nuclear test, the time for half measures in the security Council is over, the time has come to exhaust all of our diplomatic means before it's too late for China, says, there must be a return to negotiations, also in the podcast Colombia's second largest rebel group, e. l. m. has agreed to its first ever bilateral ceasefire with the government, the Polish government says it wants to hold talks with Germany, about the destruction inflicted on its country during the second world war, and the British Royal family have announced that a new baby, Prince or Princess, he's on the way once Kate Katherine the Duchess is in hospital.
The expectation is that they will once again be a significant global interest in the birth of this, but first, the American Ambassador to the United Nations, Nicky Hayley has urged the U.N. security Council to take the strongest possible measures against North Korea in response to its most powerful nuclear test, she told an emergency session At the actions of the North Korean leader Kim Jong urn showed he was begging for war, and she warned that America's patience was not unlimited.
We have engaged in numerous direct and multilateral talks with the North Korean regime and time after time, they have not the time for half measures in the security Council is over, the time has come to exhaust all of our diplomatic means before it's too late.
But China's envoy to the un Leo g. a. y. warned against precipitous measures reiterating an earlier call for all sides to return to negotiations, they're a situation on the peninsula is deteriorating constantly, as we speak of falling into a vicious circle, the peninsula, must be resolved peacefully.
I spoke to the B.B.C.'s Richard Lister in Washington and asked him just how divided is the security Council over North Korea, I think one exchange made it quite clear just how deep the divisions between China and the United States, certainly are the Chinese envoy proposed something that the U.S. and China and Russia have been backing for some time, a twin track approach, whereby the U.S. and South Korea would step back and freeze their military co operation, the exercises that they have on the border every year.
And, in return, North Korea would freeze its new Kieran ballistic missile technology programmes, but when she was talking about, that the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley said that suggestion was insulting.
She said, when a rogue regime has a nuclear weapon pointed at you, you do not take steps to lower your guard.
No one would do that.
She said, we certainly won't say, the U.S. is still pushing for much tougher sanctions, the Russians and the Chinese are pushing for a twin track approach, which would see both Pyongyang and Washington to take steps to lower the level military conflict on that peninsula.
What role, if any, would the security Council have if there were military action.
It's not clear that security Council would necessarily have any sort of roll, quite honestly, this will be a decision, ultimately, that the United States and North Korea will take it in almost certainly with advice to from there, the South Koreans, but the U.S. regards what North careers doing at the moment, in terms of its long range ballistic missile programme and its nuclear programme as being a threat to the United States.
And, of course, any country is allowed to defend itself in the face of threats and the U.S. are shown in the past, but it doesn't necessarily think it requires approval from the U.N. security Council in order to take action that it regards as being in defence of the United States.
So I think the U.S. is making very clear in their public statements that it's made that it will do what it sees as being in the best interests of the Security of the United States, Richard Lister in Washington.
So how can new proposals be agreed riddler Shah spoke to the British Ambassador to the United Nations, Matthew Wright Croft and asked him first about the old, China and Russia should play in the security Council's effort to find a solution to their crisis, it's certainly true that Russia and China have enabled the security Council to be United on North Korea.
So far, there's been a whole series of security Council resolutions that over time, her gradually ramped up the pressure on the North Korean regime, and what we want to do is to make sure that consensus holds that they, first of all, implement the existing resolutions properly.
And secondly, come with us imposing further significant tightening of the sanctions in response to this latest nuclear test, which is really outrageous and illegal, but if you want to keep Russia, particularly China on board.
Isn't there a need also to respect, perhaps some of their proposals and some of their approaches to North Korea.
So, for instance, is it helpful for the U.S. Ambassador to the un to reject as insulting a Chinese proposal for a freeze on North Korea's nuclear missile programmes in exchange for a suspension of of U.S. South Korean annual military drill, we agree with China on some aspects of dealing with North Korea, but we totally disagree on this frieze for freed's proposal, which Nicky a consulting, we like United States, think that It's not right to compare, on the one hand, more careers completely illegal outrageous reckless and dangerous behaviour, and on the other, the U.S. and South Korea and Japan, working legally in her pursuit of self defence.
Do you think the Beijing could do more in this particular scenario that's playing out now.
Yes, I think it could do more, both on implementing existing sanctions coming along quickly with a new resolution.
I very much hope that they will do that, in the spirit to keep in the whole of the security Council United what further pressure.
Do you think of replied on China, the U.S. talk about applying trade pressure bilaterally between the U.S. and China, what we talk about is he's working very closely with them.
Optically behind the scenes in the security Council in Beijing and London to that the British Ambassador to the United Nations, Matthew Wright craft now to Columbia, and the government of the country's second largest rebel group, e. l. n. have agreed to a temporary bilateral ceasefire, for the first time, the Colombian President is one Manuel Santos mammals have you might think it this wedding was as your escape, we will sign in Quito, after intense negotiations that ended early this morning, an agreement to declare a bi lateral ceasefire with the eel, then it will go into affect on October, the first and will an initially last one hundred and two days, in other words, up to January, the Twelfth of next year, and will be renewed to the degree in which negotiations on other matters.
After a filled and advanced the announcement comes two days before Pope Francis visits, Colombia, I asked our correspondent natallie ochre soy in Bogota, how significant is this temporary ceasefire.
To begin with, it's very significant in the context of the Pope visiting the country, the negotiators in due time, the government was really looking forward to receiving you.
Do you wish the Pope, would be sold as one element, I think it's a fast be Sybil success from the negotiating table.
You haven't shown much since they began discussing potential peace agreements, early on February twenty seventeen.
And finally, I think, especially for the populations in the active areas were yellin operates.
These can bring a bit of hope and release, for then sees the U.N. has competed to not taking any actors that could affect civilians.
What are the prospects for a longer term sis looking around the table, like rate that they will not only support it themselves.
The event, and the government.
He will also invites the United Nations and the Catholic Church and got longer to help them follow the ceasefire and try to make sure that holds the key element for Ollie would be, how much the commanders on the ground here in Colombia will follow the order.
First, and be able to hold a garrulous and respect what was agreed.
What is it does, it Brings a big ray of hope and a chance at these negotiations would finally both forward and baby who knows, in the suit are not yet a peace agreement with the, then, as the one rich with the at the park, which was the largest gorilla here will be achieved, but Ali Agca soy in Colombia, Poland's foreign Minister v. told Vash tokofsky says his government wants to hold Cirrus talks with Berlin about claiming reparations for the impact of the Nazi invasion of Poland in nineteen thirty nine and the subsequent wartime damage from Warsaw Adam Easton reports my vestry kovsky said his country, he's never received adequate reparations for the massive destruction and suffering caused by the Germans during the war in relation to its size, pollen suffered more damage and more casualties than almost any other country.
More than five million Polish citizens were killed three million of them Jews, the Nazis destroyed the capital Warsaw street by street my Duke ask you said he was preparing his government's formal position on the issue, which he said, still cast a shadow of a Polish, German relations in nineteen fifty three pollens Communist government dropped all claims for compensation from East Germany, the government now says that decision is invalid, because it was made by a puppet state of the Soviet Union, Adam Easton in Poland, police in Rwanda have confirmed they've arrested a prominent opposition leader Diana rigg Eire, her mother and sister, have also been detained.
My error was disqualified from running in last month's selection, which the incumbent porker Garni one with a landslide Africa editor Mary Harper reports for nearly a week, the whereabouts of Diana rigg., R.O., and her family have remained a mystery.
The security forces.
Surrounded her House.
Some days ago, and the family simply disappeared.
Police initially denied they'd been detained there's were Cara has been accused of using forged signatures.
When she was gathering support for this year's presidential campaign, her family of tax evasion.
The Rwandan authorities rarely hesitate when it comes to clamping down on the opposition.
Another female opposition leader, Victor Trois Inca Berry, was arrested in twenty ten she serving a fifteen year jail sentence Berry hop in northern Nigeria.
Twenty five thousand vigilantes are playing a key role in the country's war against the Islamist militant group Boko Haram, are often armed with little more than sticks or homemade rifles, more than six hundred of these vigilantes have been killed, and now there are warnings that unless they given jobs, they could present a new security threat from the North Eastern city of my degree, Martin patients reports checkpoint on the outskirts of the city is made from sand bags, and there's a tin roof to protect them from the elements, but as for vigilantes what's extraordinary is they've all goods wooden guns.
These are homemade rifles front of them, or the fields and a roared a red rose and a long, this red Wrote came several suicide bombers, the vigilantes in this checkpoint didn't know they were coming, it was late at night, and five of them were killed at this very spot, it just gives you some idea of how dangerous it is for the vigilante groups operating to protect accumulative, one of the vigilantes is my staff of Rosa tagine, we were so you've unawares, or how they'll cut, but I do have gone or bombs, I'm not afraid we can't call on support, that's all.
Does nearby, but the problem is that the enemy is well armed, and they've gone all he fires the vigilantes can be a rowdy bunch that petty traders civil Saint Vincent teachers, all of them volunteers man checkpoints to stop suicide bombers and sometimes accompanied the military into the Boosh tatanka Boko Haram bases hundreds have been killed, they began as a force.
Four years ago, when book on ram threatened to alter her run my two in this city, there are fugitives heroes.
I made it ready.
This man says they gave done lies flat and Muslims, Trish students whenever anything happens, he sends the first of the spoils and add the basin, as you don't know this woman says that Sean all sons of tribalism, but they always do the best they can.
And they need awesome inside an abandoned or face, which has been commandeered by the vigilante groups and an old why Walsh wall written and Sean is something that sums Up the mantras as forgiving a terrorist his life to gornt but fixing their appointment with, he's our responsibility.
These groups don't mess around, they've been accused of extortion and as well as rape and of carrying out extra judicial killings, and now the ritsa growing fear that the vigilantes could turn into a militia that Thora teas can nor control their Commander low aren't Jaffa warns.
I'm appealing to their governments to provide jobs to the vigilante and to take care of the poor families of those who lost their lives to the cause.
What happen if these men don't you someone was her loneliness outer for Skinner, we're going to have problems with armed robbery, kidnapping, because if a man has no joke.
He will do anything to survive.
No one danced the bravery of these men that help poke Boko Haram, on the back fut but unless their sacrifices are recognised, they could end up presenting a new threat and that log that report from my degree in North Eastern Nigeria by Martin patients, you're listening to global news in Ethiopia, the police have stopped the country's biggest music star from launching his new album teddy Afro as the singer calls himself was about to hold a party to mark the release of the album went officers arrived and said they wouldn't allow the event to go ahead.
Tim Frank spoke to our correspondent who was In the Ethiopian capital, Addis Abba the event had been hyped in Ethiopia, the of around a thousand guesswork.
He'd been invited to one of the hotels, the capital, like this have a bath, but then as sound men, what time to put the equipment in place for the launch police came to the hotel venue and stop them from setting up the equipment.
At the moment, it's not very clear teddy, after all, has been talking on his Facebook page.
He released a statement, where he see that the authorities had asked him to have a permit to for that event.
And he says this requested upside, because having paid the fees that were required at the hotel.
He expected to go on, he's album launch teddy f. rhead also planned to do another concert on new year's eve, which is on September tenth, he was also denied plummet to all that event wiped many questions been that's right now for the police and the authorities, and why this series of events that had been organised by to the Afro have been cancelled without any explanation.
What about the album, then it was released back in, may I guess in advance of this launch party.
I mean, he's been selling incredibly well, hasn't it.
Does it have a penny's overt politics in it, not at all.
I mean, I've listened to all the fifteen trucks in this album, this excess picking about utopian unity historic lessons, he's been Referring to the sum of the rulers of Ethiopia and also talking about unity of the currency at a time, one eighth or pews facing and bittern levels of anti government porters, so it's not really clear why the lyrics of this album called, have I need the government stop him from holding this cities of concept, but he is still a really huge figure.
This is this fifth album, and it has just elevated him to legendary status in Ethiopia, Emmanuel in Addis you're listening to global news, the most important stories and the best interviews, and on the spot.
Reporting from the B.B.C. world service now.
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More than two million pilgrims performed the five day Haj, which is ended largely without incident in twenty fifteen two thousand people died after becoming crushed the years have been marked by fires riots how Arab Affairs editor Sebastian usher told me the Saudi authorities have gone to great efforts to ensure this year, sarge, was a success.
Every time there is a disaster, the Saudis do even more to try and ensure that such disasters.
Don't happen again, because this is a massively important a fur for the Saudis huge prestige for them, for their Royal family, the King is known as a custodian of the two Holy mosques, there was criticism by the Iranians, particularly after the two thousand fifteen Stampede saying that it should be internationalised that it shouldn't be the Saudis, who runs are clearly not up to it, so that kind of pressure comes when there is an accident.
So the Saudis very, very much want to avoid that.
They said they were more than one hundred thousand security people at work.
Thirty thousand emergency workers there.
As the years go by, the Saudis are hoping to have more and more people come to the pilgrimage that aiming for five million by twenty twenty, this is part of the diversification of the Saudi economy, they wanted bring tourism into Saudi Arabia.
So this is seen as a money spinner, it always has been.
I mean, it used to be before in the days before oil, this was the biggest money spinner in Saudi Arabia at the people who controlled Mecca and Medina.
That's where they made their money in the time of Mahomet it was money spent even before Islam began the cupboard.
This stone was a place that people came from all over Arabia on a pilgrimage.
So this is since time immemorial, but the Saudis want to take it far beyond anything that's ever been seen before.
There's a massive hotel, which dominates with this huge clock above the great must now there are forty more towers, would have been built right now.
They want to have millions upon millions upon millions of dollars spent during the highers and during the other pilgrimages and to encourage people, when they come for the pilgrimage to also go to other places in Saudi Arabia.
Sebastian usher in Belgium rescuers have found a body during the search for the pilot of a military helicopter who went missing, whilst flying the aircraft during an air show on Sunday, Danny able heart picks up the story display seem to be going according to plan.
The co pilot of the Augusta helicopter has reportedly told investigators.
He had just helped three parachutists make their jump hundreds of metres up, then the shock coming back to the cockpit to find no pilot, he seat was empty, and he's door was wide open.
Neither man had a parachute of their own, the co pilot is said to have grabbed the controls, as the helicopter began to go into a Dive he landed it safely search teams have now found the pilot's body in a wooded area near the small town of wee East of Brussels forensic experts have been sent to the scene investigators are hoping to throw light on what caused the pilot to fall, there understood to be examining suicide, as a possible motive Belgian media have named him as van song balcombe bag, a thirty three year old father, whom they describe as an experienced pilot Danny Ava Hart should employers do more to help people suffering from migraines.
You research from Britain, suggests that around two thirds of those affected believe their employers don't understand the impact of the problem.
Fiona Mackenzie has suffered regular migraines for seventeen years, feels like a clever throbbing and stabbing pain and a part of your head, and that's robbing and stabbing can reach points where the only thing you can do is put a pillow over your head and cry in a darkened room that intense pain is the commonality, but then so for me, I get quite bad noise.
I rarely vomit, but that is still really frustrating, I get incredibly sensitive to light and sound, and to smell, I lose the ability to talk properly, the world health organisation, says one in six women, and one in twelve men across the world regularly get migraines health report reporter Philippa Roxbury has read the report she explain to Jackie Leonard why the condition is so little understood.
I think that's because there are many different types of migraines.
People can suffer dreadfully bacon.
I spoke to somebody who who got stroke like symptoms and had very few days of the month with the actually didn't have a thumping headache.
Some people get migraines, just a couple of times over ten years and cook with them.
So that's people suffer in a variety of different ways.
And it's all in people's heads, bases, we can't be seen.
If you're an employer, it's not particularly sympathetic, then you have a problem.
Understanding people, and I think people stay very quiet and try to cope on their own, find ways of treating it was actually coming out and talking about it now.
Three British charities are saying, it's time to change that.
What is it that they want employers to do they like employees to be more sympathetic and offer more support in the workplace.
Things likes flexible working, allowing people to work from home.
If they aren't feeling.
Well, I thinking, a bit more about the lighting in the Office, because that can trigger a severe headaches and also computer screens.
They are no tiff they flicker regularly, they are known to trigger this, these symptoms as well, so they like employers to be aware of that, and also to encourage their employees to go and seek help and treatment if they needed if they suffer dreadfully from this type of condition.
Now, I do suffer sometimes from migraines Myself, and I know some of the triggers to avoid what else can sufferers do, the most important thing is to go and see their doctor and ask for some help.
There are a wide range of medicines out there, the preventative ones ones that you can take after your migraine has started, there is even a cosmetic procedure is like Botox, which they've discovered might help the important thing is to go and seek treatment from you.
Doctor, initially, and see what they can do for you.
Philippa rocks be scientists in Scotland, to have developed a camera that can see through the human body, and that they say, could make a huge difference to routine but awkward medical procedures, which involved putting scopes and catheters inside our bodies might tanner is a physicist at Herriot what University and a lead researcher on the project, he told Tim Franks more about how this camera works.
This is based on seeing light passing through the body.
So we've developed a method and a camera to see light, which comes from the medical device that has been inserted and the way this works is that we probably all know that if we put a torch behind a hand, you see some red light coming out the other side.
In fact, near infrared light just out of the visible spectrum comes through even more easily, but only a small amount of light comes out, so we have to use a very sensitive Camera to observe that light passing through the next problem is that when you put a torch behind your hand, you see aid they glow over a large region of your hand, or you don't.
Most of the useful information has been lost, because the light as it passes through tissue bounces off lots of things, it scatters losing all that useful information, where is with a camera, we can look at the very first light that comes through the tissue that first light, it's the light that's travelled most directly and bounced least, and that's the light, there can tell you where the device was inside the body, right.
So it's about directing the device to boot, to the right place, as opposed to necessary for the sort of the clarity of the image.
When you get to the right place.
So this is about determining the location of devices that are put inside the human body.
So in a particular project.
We've been particularly interested in diagnosing lung disease, and this is a interdisciplinary research collaboration, funded by the engineering and physical sciences research Council called Proteus, and in this case are clinicians put bronchoscope into the Larne, but then they push optic fibre devices out the end of the bronchoscope and those optic fibre devices, they don't always know where they have ended up, so we can use this kind of new technology to tell the Commission where that fibres ended up, but it's not just limited To that of a they standard clinical procedures after put catheters inside the body.
And, in this case, the captor sometimes goes up the right veins or arteries, and sometimes it goes in on an unintended direction and to determine if a catheter has been correctly placed normally, they have to resort to x. ray, which involves bringing in a mobile x. ray unit or moving the patient and causes significant delays to procedures, with a kind of camera technology, we can image, the location of those inserted devices in real time, let the nation really see what they're doing with these old procedures, right.
I mean, it sounds as if it could be a lot cheaper.
A lot easier and have many, many applications, and I and my doing a decent Pia job, you're, you're doing an excellent job for me.
Thank you very much.
Yes, the equipment itself is, I'm going to say relatively seem simple, I shouldn't downplayed the detector technology inside a camera is a very advanced technology that has come out of quantum physics laboratories and, but is well established in the physics lab.
What we're really doing here.
Through this inter disciplinary work is bringing that out applying it to a real world problem facing commissions.
Every day, my tanner a physicist at Herriot, what a University in Edinburgh, the news that a woman is expecting a baby is a cause for celebration.
Among, usually a small group of friends and family, but the Announcement that Catherine Duchess of Cambridge is to have her third child has triggered intense interest across the globe, the baby will be fifth in line to the British throne, and will join the rest of her family, usually known simply as William and KateGeorge and Charlotte sometime next year.
Our Royal correspondent Peter hunt told me that the authorities were forced to make the announcement earlier than they had wanted Kate Katherine the Duchess of Cambridge is in the very early stages of her pregnancy, but they've been forced cos, she was meant to be out and about to cancel because you suffering from this is known as high premises grabbit armours are very acute form of morning sickness and it causes extreme nausea and vomiting.
It's obviously once you couldn't go to something that explain why there's always massive interest in this particular portion of the Royal family Prince William and Kate the Duke and DuchessCambridge.
Why is that.
There's even talk in the British press have the Queen skipping a generation of handing the crowned directly to Prince William that is fanciful talk really mean that the royals and succession isn't like them, British, and indeed global programme, the x. factor where we, the public have any choice in this matter.
Succession is about the next in line of the next in line is Prince Charles, but I think the interest, it's just, they are young, I think the key key fact is that this Child's grandmother is the late Diana, Princess of Wales.
And so I think we can safely say is that they will be intense interest global interest usually whatever there's a Royal story of this sort, there are hundreds of photographers camped out waiting for pictures.
Yes, and if you go back in time to when Prince George was born at a private wing of a London hospital that photographers and that appeared some two weeks before.
And so, with all those attempts at restriction, so that people aren't there for an extraordinary amount of time and getting in the way of the working at the hospital.
The expectation is that they will once again be a significant global interest in the birth of this child, there's bound to be speculation about names already there are, and I've avoided them cos I was very confused as to what name, they may choose.
I mean, obviously, if it's a girl, they'll be an endless speculation about whether or not, she will be called Diana after her grandmother.
And the other interesting thing about this institution and about this child is that they used to be in the law here, whereby boys took precedence over girls that was changed recently.
So, if the child is a boy, he will not overtake PrincessCharlotte in the succession to the British state Peter hunt, and that's all from us.
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