This is the B.B.C. for details of a complete range of programmes go to B.B.C. world service dot com forward slash, Welcome to the latest global news compiled in the early hours of the morning.
On Friday, the first of September, I mean your sunbather or with a selection of highlights from across B.B.C. world service news today coming up Washington orders three Russian diplomatic facilities, including the consulate in San Francisco to shut down by Saturday, but, as well as government as her best to getting an oil corruption allegedly involving the former Chief Prosecutor that e. u. m.
Britain appeared to be nowhere near reaching a Brecht's at deal as stock stall and feathers are ruffled we propose pragmatic solution is for rent this disruption, and we go to, you'd be more imaginative reflex your k. wants to have this damn dogs recognised or don't that tickly this is simply impossible.
Our correspondent meets the South African President son must, as all my, so I'm not going, I'm not corrupt.
I've not involve myself in corrupt practice when you corrupt business and later in this podcast why urban gardens are going vertical, it maybe abseilers to doing the work, we're a bit short of abseiling gardeners, but they are round, and there will be more of them.
That's all coming up, but first, the United States has retaliated against Moscow's reduction of U.S. diplomatic staff in Russia, By ordering the closure of three Russian missions, a correspondent Gary you're Donohue's in Washington and told me about the importance of these facilities.
Well, they are significant.
One is, Consul general's Office in San Francisco, they only have four of those currently in the U.S that takes it down to three, the residents attached to it will also have to close, and also closing to what they call a mixes in Washington, or new York actually their trade missions, and so I think that's looks specifically designed to hit Russia where it hurts.
In terms of its economic interest in the U.S., which is significant, it isn't expelling any Russians, and I think that's a sign that they don't want this to escalate any further.
They're describing in here as reaching parity with Russia, which is what diplomats say when they mean tit for tat.
But is that really parity, compared to work, Russia announced in relation to this.
Well, you have to go back really back to the beginning.
Here for the whole history of this, you remember, President Obama a expelled thirty five diplomats, just before he left Office when he said he did that evidence emerged a Russian interference in the election, they also seized a couple of recreational facilities.
The Russian known here, there wasn't any initial retaliation from President Putin is clearly wants to wait and see what the new President would do, and then bit by bit.
I think insulating relations are Tetra but back in July was, Congress passed some some sanctions on in relation to, though it's alleged interference in the election.
That is what calls, Russia, then to demand a reduction of of the U.S diplomatic staff down to four hundred fifty five to seven hundred plus staff, leaving Russia.
And here is the U.S. response to that, so they're going to try and get together at gather in the sidelines of the U.N. general Assembly next month.
Rex to and lover of the foreign Ministers and try and sort this out, but neither side wanted to get it any further.
But the sentiment a face saving that has to happen.
If you're having your country's diplomats chucked out, you have to do something, Gary o'donahue in Venezuela.
The new Attorney general Tariq William sarb has announced that he's investigating an oil scam which he says involves his predecessor, Luisa Ortega, who fled the country.
A few weeks ago, or America's editor is Ken disappeared, missus Ortega fed a week ago, first you went to Columbia, then to Brazil, and then to Costa Rican any each play.
She said she had proof of corruption in the upper echelons of the Venezuelan government, and she mentioned it included President mud durer and her successor Tariq Saab, and she also connected that to a bribery scheme around a very large, busing in construction company odour bract so certainly those are her allegations.
And now we've got new ones, against her.
That's Right Sir Tariq Saab is alleging missus or take or knew of this oil corruption scheme, which involves a group of oil of industry contractors in the r. and Orinoco basin where there are several very large Venezuelan oil fields, and he said, she knew of the cause of the corruption and she did nothing for a year or so.
This is certainly another indication of the venison in a got government going under opposition and critics in the same press conference tax Sam also announce the appointment of two prosecutors to investigate opponents traitors, he said, who he accuses of siding with the U.S., which announces sanctions against Venezuela.
Last week, and this, or has the backing.
Does the do of the national constituent Assembly, which has been sort of backing all of these moves.
That's right, the constituent Assembly has approved a truth Commission to investigate allegations of opponents are violence perpetrated by opponents and also tuned as announced very recently, the approval of these trials of opponents can dispute it three days of talks on key issues over Britain's exit from the European Union have ended in Brussels.
So, how much progress has been made by discussions this week over expose it again at the U.K's approaches substantially more flexible, I'm pragmatic than out of me, you should avoid unnecessary disruption for businesses and consume, we propose pragmatic solutions is for rent this disruption, and we urge to be more imaginative and flexible in their approach to Withdraw his point and your k. wants to take back control wants to adopt its own stand out of, and the regulations, but he's foolish or wants to have this damn Dodds recognised or do that.
Equally do that it, what you could be brush past, this is simply impossible.
First, we heard from the British at Secretary David David's followed by the e. use Chief Brecht's negotiator, Michelle Byrne here, the joint news conference.
This is the third round of talks so far.
So where are we a question for our correspondent Rob Watson, anyone who met, he's been unlucky enough to be listening to me on the world service over the last thirteen or fourteen months also would have said, a bit of told you so.
Because I think what we've seen, we've had a flavour about than the clips from show Barney Mister Davies is a problem that was always going to be that, and I guess I'd put it this way, and that is that they a basically Britain wants everything it liked about E.U. membership.
That is free trade, free movement of goods and capital, and one of the things that are didn't like, such as being part of a political Union and high levels of immigration, but the Europeans are saying, you can't be better off outside the event, you were inside it.
Now, the questionnaires.
Is there going to be a compromise between these two positions, and I think the talk.
So far, And the domestic politics of the U.K., on the one hand, on the domestic politics of its E.U. partners suggest, it's just not going to be easy finding such a compromise, it's a bit, and also, there's the issue of the hotel bill if you well, all on the checkout.
How much will it cost.
Against this backdrop, where do we go from here.
Well, the short answer is, I think, that has so far.
It's a question of, it's a question of who blinks.
First, if I could put it that way.
And so far, it has been the U.K that's been doing the blinking.
If you think about the start of these talks Britain said that it wanted everything to be taken together, he said, no, no, we need to settle that divorce bill.
First, and I think the reason why the U.K.'s been blinking first think most neutrals would say it's because the E.U. has a stronger.
That's because, while, yes, e. u. is keen for lots of cash from the U.K., and yes, the E.U. sells more stuff to the U.K. than the U.K. sells to the E.U.. no one seriously believes it wouldn't be the U.K. that would suffer the most if there was no deal, and it just crashed out of the E.U.. so my hunch is that, because the E.U. has got slightly the stronger hand at some point, the U.K. will probably have to blink.
Although I guess there's also The possibility that the talks just break down completely.
Rob Watson, the South African President Jacob Zuma has had a tough time of it recently accused repeatedly of being up to his neck in corruption.
There's allegations have extended to the rest of my family.
So what's his son, got to say about it.
The design is Zoomer is a business partner of the controversial Gupta family who themselves are mired in allegations of shady dealings over government contracts, I southern Africa correspondent Milton and causing travel to Dubai, to meet the design is Zoomer, and he began by asking him why he thought the wealthy Gupta family chose him to be their business partner.
I think they like, as I like them.
I'm, I think I'm a likeable guy, but why did they like you, you think that's a Grecian of Dawson, I don't.
I think I'm a likeable guy is this is, this is not doing untoward about it, I'm packing.
You don't look back and said, maybe they wanted me, because I am the son of the present, I look back, and I think I'm glad I met these guys, and I'm glad we all we got, and then we had this bulked out of the blue in twenty fifteen when the Deputy Minister fine could be c.
John comes out tells the public that he was offered a bribe, by the Gupta's in your presence, where you present that day was going to see John has Offered a bribe, by the Gupta's Mister Jonas was not offer about overcooked I did meet him, I was present, there was no such thing at that.
What was the pebbles of his visit, then it wasn't.
No, it wasn't a visit per se, it was a meeting that was arranged from my side to saw Dodd certain issues that had nothing to do with the cooked as any other related people too sure you up clear, it's either you're telling the truth, or he's lying, it's absolutely so, which is it.
I'm telling you want the sun of the South African press it in Dubai.
Why are you here.
Do you have a property here.
Firstly, I'm on business.
Secondly, to buyers as a wonderful place, and I'm sure you'd agree, and thirdly, I do not have a property in Dubai.
I do not only an apartment in the Bush does your father.
Oh no, and up their houses and apartment here, my father owns this, it's kinda serious corn Ganja, it's a, no, then was, of him at all into buying you does not own any property.
What did the group does buy a property on his beat.
I think my father's a grown man.
He doesn't need anyone buying a property properties on his behalf, including myself, my all my corrupt, there's a, I'm not.
I'm not involve myself seen myself in a corrupt practice when you corrupt.
Are you quite so that you may Be, in the end, locked following all these allegations going to prison for corruption does that does that cross your mind, it just crossed my mind.
That's the first time, so I don't know if you saw a cutting, I'm not, it's gone, it doesn't cross, why should it worry.
But what is this cross not since you mention it now actually saw across in minutes.
Built it in cos you speaking, there are to do design is Zuma, in the last few podcast, we've been bringing you the laters from Texas.
Tropical storm Harvey has now been downgraded, but that hardly means to problems or over in Texas to rescue operations continue and the white houses to asked Congress for extra funds.
Here's President trumps homeland security adviser Tom bastard, but ever holiday hasn't affected homes, always different degrees of insurance also going to have damaged the publicly owned infrastructure.
So what we will do.
And he ministrations put together a responsible subliminal request for carnivorous preparations request, I will make that request shortly a correspondent Laura trevelyan is enrichment to the West of the city of Houston, the situation, where I am now is that unbelievably people have already experienced flooding, but they're being told that, because their river brashness, which is nearby is not going to peak until tomorrow, because of all the rain fall on all the run off, that's experiencing that they have to prepare for yet more flooding, and I'm speaking to you from Somewhere where people have mobile homes.
People don't have much to begin with.
They had flooding.
Last year, one man just told me I'm, I'm in the clean up from last year, and now they just cannot believe what is about to come upon them, so the river is going to crest fifty six feet.
Normally it's running at like eight feet, so just epic ruinous levels of flooding here, and people are really in shock and earlier, there'd been talk about a dangerous plume of smoke and there, yes, well, that was coming from nickel factory where, because the factory flooded and lost power.
This is in Crosby, Texas, they were no longer able to refrigerate the chemicals and the company warned that the chemicals would explode if they were allowed to warm up, and indeed they have, so that's also an extremely worrying situation, the only fortune a bit, a bit, was that the company warned that this would happen.
So the area was cordoned off.
There are just so many alarming incidents happening in the wake of hurricane Harvey and the immense rainfall that it drops.
When it became a tropical storm, and here in Richmond, Texas, people can't believe that almost a week after the hurricane made landfall the water levels are still rising and briefly Laura, where's Harvey now and visit.
Finally dissipating, well, it is finally, it's gone inland it made landfall in Louisiana yesterday morning.
So, it's been you've been moving in To the North, but it's threatening flooding.
There are flood warnings, although it's dissipated from when it was a hurricane.
It's still a formidable tropical storm Laura trevelyan you're listening to global news, the most important stories of the best interviews, and on the spot.
Reporting from the B.B.C. world service every weekend, you can hear a review of the week's main news stories and why they matter that's in the world.
This week, and the programme's also available to download from our website.
B.B.C. dot co dot U.K. slash programmes Tanzania has invited beards for the construction of a huge hydro electric dam inside one of its largest game reserves, the country has long suffered power shortages and the government says the new project would double electricity generation capacity, however, it's due to be built in the world heritage listed so lose game reserve, which has prompted concern from, among others, the world wildlife Fund, Tim Frank spoke to Anthony field, who was the W.W.F. international campaign manager, we are looking to protect salu, it's got massive benefits for Tanzania and massive potential for Tanzania, in terms of the tourism industry in growing that, and there are alternatives available for developing and producing hydro power in Tanzania, that were on the table.
Prior to this announcement, we're asking the government of Tanzania, to act responsibly and to carry out their valuations to ensure that this is really going to be the Right decision for Tanzania, it's people.
From what I understand the footprint of this dam is just three per cent of the park would would it be that damaging, you're absolutely right.
The direct footprint of this is three per cent of the park.
However, there will be potentially fishing villages around the edge of the lake, there'll be access roads to that there will be increased infrastructure to support them, and that's all going to have an impact on what is a wilderness area and was designated a world heritage site.
Because of the Wilton this value and the populations of elephants and rhinos.
In addition, research, there'll be talk, you've had commissions on this project highlights that there is a risk to two hundred thousand livelihoods down river outside of the saloon.
So, whilst the direct footprint is three per cent of the saloon, actually, the impact of this dam is three per cent, because of the dam in the reservoir outside of that the impacts go for tens of kilometres are right, the way to the coast, and will impact on hundreds of thousands of people, but if you're talking about impact on hundreds of thousands of people, I guess, the government in Tanzania, and, and, and a lot of people in dad's, and he would say that far more of us suffer from the chronic power shortages that blight the country that this hydro electric dam would would go a long way to changing that absolutely And W.W.F. wants Tanzania to develop, we want them to develop in a beneficial way for the country and for the people, and they do need power for their economy and their growing population, there are alternatives to this project that we're on the table.
Prior to this announcement, and we would look to the government to do these assessments and evaluate the alternatives.
Against this project, to make sure this is the right decision.
Room is going to have the maximum benefit for the country in terms of the animals that might be affected.
What have you done any sort of mapping all guesswork as to what the impact could be.
Well, if you're building a big hydro powered dam with reservoir behind it, that's going to cover a suggested by the Tanzanian government.
One thousand three hundred fifty square kilometres, that is going to flood that habitat, which is a very vibrant habitat, next to the river, the elephants that migrate through the area will be impacted the rhinoceros will be impacted.
These are species that have been in the sluice for as long as we've known and have suffered dramatically from poaching and the Tanzanian government is doing some absolutely brilliant work in reviving their population numbers, just at the levels, where we are now starting to see a massive reduction in the poaching.
So we're hoping that the populations will be increasing, and this damn starts to put pressure back on those populations from that Anthony Field of W.W.F. speaking to Tim Franks Iraq's Prime Minister Hider love Buddy has announced the liberation of Talla fired, one of the last cities to be under the control of the Islamic state group b.
Arabic Hernan razzing spoke to me from Erbil in northern Iraq.
It's a very significant emelia as it put an end to the so called Islamic state presence, not only Intel Alpha, but of the whole of main about Govan brick, which is Mosul, is the capital off, it also gave a big Bull was thin in, hence the confidence of the Iraqi troops that they can dry if I his fighters out of the Iraqi air cities and the, I think it's definitely a severe blow to eye ear says it technique re cut the road between morsel and the self declared capital Accra quite cheery so where else do they have strongholds.
At this point, Islamic state.
At the moment, they still have a stronghold in as some urban towns in central and Western Iraq beaming Lee, how we gel, which is expected to be a significant fired as they're expecting to have a number is a significant number of fighters inside all talk also show God, and also a town in the West during part of Iraq and climb, which is some sauce is here.
Tell me that they are expecting it could be the next barrel, as this comes after a deal that their happened between a deliberate a group, Hezbollah, and I said a few days ago.
Where are the moved one hundreds of eyes fighters to the Easter and part Alpha seria and this part, in particular, is quite close to the town where in Iraq in Western Iraq, where I has the presence and the stronghold there so many here in Iraq actually feared that this could be an enhancement to their presence in the West.
Whether any civilian casualties, and this fighting.
It's been very difficult to look at civilians, and what happened to them.
But we know that our your gie her the last battle ground, so a fierce battle some said it was actually three times worse all town, there were hundreds of foreign fighters are, as we understand, and they had nothing to lose.
They were fighting fiercely was moi T'es missiles car bomb snipers.
On the other hand, there are key troops used and shelling the used the airforce and Crosswire, of course, so there is a possibility of a civilian casualties, but we don't have any information about this yet.
However, we know that the Iraqi troops yesterday, exactly, we'd had dozens of families that were trapped by eye us inside iodine Annan ravic ten years ago, the former Prime Minister of Pakistan.
But on Thursday a Court in Pakistan convicted two police officers for Failing to prevent a terrorist attack.
Five others accused of orchestrating the murder were cleared and the former President Pervez Musharraf was declared a fugitive succumb to command, he spoke to us earlier from Karachi, the five alleged Islamist militants have all been acquitted, they were all there actually kept in jail for much of the past nine years, and it's not clear when exactly, they will be freed, but they've been completely cleared a number of other militants who were alleged to have been involved in this attack had actually been killed in the past few years in clashes with the Pakistani security forces, the two police officers were jailed for quite substantial times, they were sentenced to seventeen years each, and that's because they're accused of one, not having done enough to prevent the attack, but also because they're accused of having destroyed crucial evidence by ordering the crime scene to be washed down almost immediately after the attack took place where does this leave the investigation into the killing of such a high profile figure and divisive figure with the killing of energy, but he has been somewhat of a mystery, and it's been shrouded within various levels of secrecy about whether militant groups Opera operating alone were responsible for the weather.
There was elements of collusion with the hearts of the military or the intelligence services, and that's where the figure of former President provision show of comes in.
He's accused of being complicit in the Murder of Benazir Bhutto, who was then effectively a kind of political rival of hits, he's always denied those charges, but today, the Court proclaimed him a fugitive and said that his assets should be seen, but the son of and her political successor is said that he thinks that today's judgement is unacceptable.
Her party had released a statement saying that the convictions of these two policemen and not enough, because they want to know, on whose orders were the acting when they apparently washed away crucial evidence in those, there's still many more questions to be resolved about this case, Sir, couldn't look Amani in Karachi, a cricket match has been abandoned.
After a projectile was fired into the oval ground in London, the item believed to be a crossbow bolt landed, very close to the umpires one Middlesex were playing sirree have B.B.C. commentary team was on air when the incident happened there something on the field.
What is it, huh.
What is that, in the field of play.
That's just at, they just pointed at something is poking up out of the ground.
Some sort of, I don't know what it is, a meteor or something.
What on earth is that that's just dropped onto the field by the looks of it, and they are coming off the field of play.
That is quite extraordinary.
There some sort of project.
It looks like has dropped into the Middle of the field, it was sticking up Out of the ground, quite clearly about, but also sticking out of the ground, and they immediately pointed to, and now everybody's running off the field, even the world's keenest gardeners will tell you that sometimes it drives them up the wall.
Well, as it happens, vertical gardens have become all the rage dem Damon reports just across the road from Buckingham Palace ecologist Gary grant is showing me his pride and joy.
Thirty metres of vertical garden up the wall of the hotel, a flowering garden quite a variety of plants, evergreens like Ivy, which are also very good for wildlife.
We have ferns, but also, we've got a whole range of flowers, designed to attract pollinating insects.
We have plants like geraniums in there Wallflowers all sorts the Queen's got a rather big garden, just across the road.
So, I suppose, there is a lot of insect life.
Well, that's right, you'll see the Queen's bumble bees here feeding here in the wall that may be going back and nesting in the Queen's maintenance, it is thirty metres off the ground.
The top there, how do you look after it, it is people in cradles a scissor lift or a cherry picker, or it may be abseilers are doing, we're a bit short of abseiling gardeners, but they are round, and there will be more of them is this becoming more common.
These vertical garden.
Yes, the vegetation of of cities is the top priority.
Now, and So we're looking at buildings rooves where we can and walls before these plants were here on a hot summer's day, the sun would be beating against the walls and that heat would mean people would be turning up the air conditioning in that building, but now the evaporative cooling from that war always saving them energy Gary grant had over thirty metres.
That's one of the biggest vertical gardens in Britain in Australia, they've planted up to one hundred and thirty, one of the most amazing attribute about this project is just the greenery.
That's existing around the building.
When you've got eighty five thousand.
It's just the watering system, the first one off and were insisting, it's in and Binnie's on market anywhere in the world, so that we can have a living building a promo for one central park in Sydney, jot Gammon was one of the ecologist who worked on it.
One central park has a higher scree walls in the world, still at one hundred and thirty metres up each floor is covered with plants boxes, and if you put the plant boxes end it end.
It would stretch for over seven kilometres, this isn't just about aesthetics, says, Jock, although the sight of a living forest in the sky is dramatic.
It's about making cities survivable.
The world is now recognising climate change and the plants in the series, as being a key part of their, obviously, to keep the cities, cooler, but also Has a very strong attraction to humans to be around nature reduce her stress increases productivity, and we're starting to combine it with the latest technology that we've been creating ways that we can actually make green walls functional in that they can actually clean the year, most green walls that, you know, I look beautiful and clean the air to some extent.
But what we're actually doing drive a loser, deer, through the back of the green wall where the microbes and bacteria.
Clean the year before passing it out through the front of the green wall astonishing architecture and futuristic environmentalism, well, great, but vertical gardens can be small scale, too.
What I've got here is ladders and back really just means I can have about four or five times as many containers in a small space, as I could, if I just put them flat on the ground.
This is mark Reid still Smith, he runs online courses on vertical veg gardening from his home in Gosforth Newcastle with us trying to make the most of a small space.
You started this and her flat, you do, London, yes, on windowsills, and a six foot by eight foot balcony from which we were pretty much self sufficient in salad herbs and most vegetables for at least half a year, they taste absolutely delicious.
Compared to anything new.
By him, and they don't need a lot of sun.
So where does the perfect crop to grow in the City, what can you grow actually up walls that you can eat things that will go up walls include the runner beans are very good tomatoes are very good squash things like, blackberries, like we've were black Rover that will grow up a wall, but isn't it.
A lot of work growing veg up a wall.
A few minutes every day, really is, that is, the secret, Hi found, you don't need to spend very long, but five minutes every day checking up on them, and seeing if they need watering in his for Sikhs.
Eighty per cent of U.K. people now live in cities are expected to rise to more than ninety per cent are just twelve years' time, so gardeners and veg patches on walls and roofs sound like good ideas, Dan Damon reporting, and that's all from us.
For now, but an updated version of the global news podcast will be available for you to download.
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The address is global podcast at B.B.C., Jocko dot U.K. Amelia Subaru until next time.