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Newshour 2017-08-31:14:00.00
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  • Hello and welcome to news from the B.B.C. world service.

  • We're coming to you live from London, I'm James Camorra Sami today, we get a first look at President microns plans to reform France is labour laws.

  • Previous attempts at reform have proved to be contentious.

  • So how will the public and the trade unions react.

  • This time also the lone star spirit that you telling Governor of Texas tells us about his experience of generosity.

  • At a time of adversity.

  • I was in the door, because I was with the stable herd.

  • That was like a dog's tail water in all the House is in the Lady she had forty five cat, but she came up to the truck, and she certainly a Governor.

  • If I'd known you were coming, I would've picked you reported that the spirit of people and will pay another visit to a China Desk in Beijing, my colleague John side worth has been watching parfait newsreel footage to help him assess the Chinese perspective on the North Korean crisis.

  • First, though presidencies across the world are often shaped by events, but most incoming leaders have a vision of how they want to shape the country that selected them and that often boils down to one big set of changes when he was elected in may, the French President, Emmanuel mackerel was clear that his priority was to rewrite the country's labour laws in order To make France's economy more competitive, and to reduce it stubbornly high unemployment rates.

  • Today, the rhetorical rubber hit the road of reality, as the French government unveiled its labour law proposals, and at a time when opinion polls suggest that the sheen has already started to come off the mackerel on Presidency, the French Prime Minister Eduard Philippe told a news conference in Paris, but the main aim was to put people back to work.

  • Good Lord.

  • Why did we no doubt our labour loss.

  • I'm not the main reason for unemployment in France, but we also know that if we want to make progress on this issue, we have to address all the reasons for unemployment together today, nobody can seriously maintained our law and our labour laws, in particular encourage hiring.

  • Nobody can seriously maintain that our labour last protect efficiency and help companies to an efficient and sustainable development that might have been the case in the past, but it isn't any longer.

  • Let's speak now to a Paris correspondent Hugh Schofield, so he one of the key points of the proposal from the start that it is very, very technical, a lot of this stuff.

  • Even the experts at the unions are going to have to spend a lot of time poring over the detail that you can it boils down to two or three big item ma'am mentions here and there, and the porn, but remember to look at is that it is the Small companies were going to undoubtedly benefit most from this, it really seems to be targeted at the small and very small companies come with no fewer than fifty employees for for them, and particularly for the company within twenty employees as a whole new range of possibilities for negotiating with workers, they don't have to, they won't have to, broadly speaking, wait for other Fiat of of of a Union representative from from head Union headquarters to allow them to go ahead and talk about aspects of pay conditions, and so on.

  • With these small workforces, so that undoubtedly will liberate you that part of the business world, which is in this room, a small, very small in the market.

  • Another big change, which is welcomed by those small enterprises.

  • Is there a change to the whole process of are compensating for for firing there's that there's going to be, eh.

  • A limit on the amount that can be awarded as compensation by labour courts and in contra part to that there is going to be an increase in the number in the amount of money that can be awarded oil with you.

  • Madam, that is automatically given to people when they when they take redundancy.

  • So that's the kind of quid pro quo and over a third point, I would say, is that the number of, there are three big Union, the walkways are Union representations in most companies, they're being reduced to one, so it's a simplification Of things, and we did try to speak to the unions.

  • Today, but it's being August, we haven't been able to find anyone to react immediately and that they're not unified Ali, the big unions on this.

  • No, I mean, they're not so happy, but they're not that unhappy about my reading it is, we know there's not going to be a huge wave of strikes over this, one of the Union, the C.D. to you, the more hardline hardliners certainly said he's going to be a day of strikes in in ten days twelve days from now, but the are the other ones that f. o. safety to more modern, they're saying, well, there's some in this something, something to this, it was a good for us.

  • And though they're not in happy, they're not certainly not saying this is a wonderful change moves in one direction, there, there isn't this United horse, which would suggest that we were at the mackerel on, they never a hot autumn, ma'am, not nothing like that at all.

  • O.K., for the time being.

  • Thanks very much.

  • Let's hear some reaction to these proposals, David that youth spokesmen for the left wing movement love that was headed by the presidential candidate Mel on shop.

  • I asked him what he made of the proposals, the unions are quite disappointed spade still reform Union that is still er discussing was the government say they're thin some disagreement about it a telly and the unions on Other the unthought of von Apostles Muses, it's clear that this is a logic that rejecting right now, just explain the logic, you don't agree with what the specific points in these reforms that you disagree with, we can say that winter is coming for the rockers friends, the government since say that the goal is to clad crows.

  • A discussion between the work on the buses.

  • And the fact is that when no lorcan protect you.

  • This is not the negotiation, you can negotiate with someone that you to accept the rower with your wages up to Leeds, so it's like docking was a going up, and you'll have the government says that there are extra protections for workers that there's an increase that workers get when they leave their jobs, and that Union representatives have broader responsibilities.

  • That is a really tiny things that have been provoked unions, actually, because the government didn't wanted to do the sum is doing this to see possible.

  • Yeah, toning the at the demonstration.

  • You said that this particular thing has been put in there, too, to assuage one of the Union's Foss over there.

  • But the point is, of the sort of three big unions, only one of them is now talking about the sachertorte is talking about a strike.

  • The other two may or may not be happy with what they're hearing, but they are willing to use it as a basis for discussion rather than to go out Into the street and strike.

  • So when love Hulse, and sim, he says.

  • Let's get out on the street.

  • You are not now speaking for a majority of the trade unions, but this is not a wall on the unions, and we got, we were that er, as a Union, you can have different strategies, but they just want to buy into the fact that there is no Union today in France.

  • That is a greening, who is this new labels called re from, no one is agreeing, but the strategies is different, and that was David that gear hall, he'd spokesman for the left wing movement la and simmy's now hoping to speak to an m. p. from manual metals party love public on Marsh, not just hoping, I think we can actually speak now to Bruno bon joins us from Paris, Berlin, a bunny.

  • Well, first of all, why are these reforms necessary.

  • Well, you know the reality of of the jobs today objectivity when that reflected in the old in the older low end end, therefore, we needed to clean up some of them, and end the reinvent them, then let me give you an example, for instance, the telepresence when you work away from home, call working the new ways of being herself, entrepreneur, when we call on the door on all those thinks we're not including Indy Indy or lows and in, I think that that's very positive that we finally beginning France into The twenty first century into my fire were close and a mixed response from the unions, a couple of them are sort of saying, well, we're not that happy, we can perhaps work with some of this, one of the Union's, though, saying they will definitely be holding protests, as you well know, this has been the third rail of French politics.

  • For many years, many different administrations left and right have tried to reform the workplace and failed.

  • Is he going to be any different.

  • For this particular government.

  • Well, that's an interesting moment, because some of the unions, like less day decided, even before seeing the text to demonstrate, in this street in the air.

  • Men tried to get to know people really over excited against it.

  • Is this wee forms in, but most of the unions had decided not to go, you know, the express some concern anyone too.

  • I've been to some negotiation, the bit at the end game is that the way the add as as moved into this reform had been with many, many discussions and mini me Iran tables, where a lot of point of view expressed in the end, even though naturally and nobody could be one hundred percent happy.

  • I think that that all their partners to run the cable of, I've gathered and the von solutions that are agreeable for most salt them, although present some frustration, but no major ones, even present Mac or acknowledges a difficulty.

  • He's Put it that France is not a reformer ball country that it needs transformation, rather than reform, so he's acknowledge just how difficult this is going to be to get through, he said, he said, not reformed bald but transforming able, which is really the key point, I think that the whole politics of quizzes on my call East, you get friends into the twenty first century.

  • That means, you know, including the digital revolution, including the environment, all these shoes globalisation issues, then in there, of course, that did it.

  • The horse some logic in the resistance, but they are some some hopes India in the winning bet that we preparing weight now.

  • So, even though some of them will be more difficult than others, taking that, all in all, that's there, right to go in the end, people will end up after nudges, the one hundred days like, like the total presence of the President on the C.D.s are is eighteen is it eighteen hundred days.

  • So it's a little too soon.

  • He's asking.

  • Will he show that French is that if up, he's asking for time isn't he a bun l. m. p. from President Michael's party.

  • Thanks very much.

  • Go fill a correspondent is still with us, and Hugh let that the political context of this is that there's been at least one opinion poll hasn't they're suggesting a pretty big drop in Michael's popularity.

  • I mean, it's a tough time for him to be Pushing this through.

  • No, I don't think we should read too much into his opinion polls have been, and they will be swiftly forgotten when you know that he is judged on their success, a of actual measures that the opinion poll came at the end of a summer, in which he'd more or less disappeared, and it was a reflection of the fact that, you know, on left and right there.

  • People don't really think he's their President, but it, everyone knows that this is going to be on the long haul.

  • There are going to be big reforms in France.

  • This is part of it, but it's only part of it, because what's to follow will be reforms of the pensions of the unemployment benefit system of the training system will be a tough budget coming up soon.

  • There's a awful lot that is going to be happening soon.

  • And this is only one part of it is a key part of it, because, as he said, it's shaking up the labour system is for him an extremely important way to send a signal to the French and to foreign investors that into the country's moving in that it's going to be a free, a place to do business.

  • Hugh thanks very much.

  • Hugh Schofield there in Paris, you're listening to news from the B.B.C. world service later on in the programme, it's twenty years since this, the people everywhere, not just here in Britain, everywhere they kept Faith with Princess Diana they liked her, they loved her.

  • They regarded her as one of the people, she was the people's Princess, we'll look back at the death of Diana, Princess of Wales and the impact that it had reminder of our headlines at this hour, the French Prime Minister, has presented President mackerel's controversial plans to change labour laws, calling them, ambitious and fair relief officials in Bangladesh, say, the scale of the hinge a refugee crisis is much larger than they'd feared at the Court in Pakistan has acquitted five suspected Taleban members of conspiracy to murder their former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, you're listening to the B.B.C. world service, this is news, our coming to you live from London with James Camorra Sami with North Korea and the United States.

  • Continuing their war of words, amid the escalating tensions on the Korean peninsula.

  • One country is remaining as ever.

  • Tight lipped.

  • China is often portrayed as the key to resolving the crisis.

  • I shall average does it really have after this episode of a regular China Desk, we thought it was time to ask a reporter John Saddleworth to shed a bit of light on Chinese North Korean relations and John joins us now live from Beijing.

  • Thank you.

  • Jamie throughout a tense past few weeks as Donald trump and Kim Jong and frayed threats Beijing has when it has been saying anything been repeating it's well worn mantra calls for calm and a return to Dialogue, and it has in the past few hours been at it again, playing the grown up in the room.

  • Here's the Chinese foreign Office spokeswoman a challenging and out, you should it was a current of ten situation on the producer is nada screenplay, I've read your game.

  • It is for real.

  • And he send your menace and the serious, they're directing involve cysts safety of people from both the North and South of the peninsula as well, please.

  • And stability of the entire region.

  • Help us all parties can truly take a responsible attitude with your caddy to the people in their countries and their region and make a rationale and a wise choices.

  • Washington's view has long been that China, North Korea's biggest trading partner, could do more, but doesn't want to, partly because the bonds run so deep and can be traced back to the Chinese intervention on North Korea's side in the Korean the shared loss of life is brought into stark relief by the Pat they newsreels of the day.

  • There's a certain truth in this, but the real reason for China's caution is more pragmatic than emotional today, while it's urged to do more to make sanctions bite against North Korea, it worries that if it really turns off the life support, two things will result, first North Korea's incentive to develop nuclear weapons with which to use as leverage against a hostile outside world only increases, and, secondly, regardless of the success Of that strategy.

  • North Korea will be pushed to the brink of economic collapse, bringing chaos and a refugee crisis to China's recent trip to the border city of damned Dong I watched as a band of North Korean women played electric guitars and drums for Chinese customers.

  • Most Chinese people nowadays view, North Korea, with a mixture of pity and bemusement a reminder of their own totalitarian impoverished past, although one man planning a short tourist trip across the river said he hoped to see something tell me people think.

  • North Korea is a backboard Alice, but I hope to see it's developed now that isn't as far fetched as it might sound, despite the sanctions trade in consumer goods has been booming in recent years, privileged wealthy North Korean urbanites have access to fashionable clothes electronic goods, and, increasingly, even cars, and this hopes China is really the way forward that North Korea should be brought in from the cold through economic in gage mints not isolation and it fits, of course, it's exactly the same model that China embarked upon itself.

  • All those years ago.

  • Jamie John thanks so much.

  • John sudden with fair in Beijing.

  • Yesterday, our news we heard from South Africa's northern Cape about centuries old languages that could disappear.

  • To date, we're going to hear about an indigenous, African culture that is under threat.

  • For centuries, the Himba have pursued a semi nomadic life living off the land in northern Namibia they survive Genocide by German troops in the early nineteen hundreds, they managed to retain their traditional lifestyle, but now they face a bigger threat, as more and more Himba choose to swap the safety of the village for the excitement of the modern world.

  • As poms are Phil Arnie reports, Oh, yeah.

  • How about it.

  • Smoking time here.

  • One of the many duties of the women of this Himba village, this indigenous Community has lived off the land for generations closed off from modern society, but since Namibia's independence in the early nineties, a different lifestyle, has begun to falter three to cut up adult grew up in a traditional Himba village near on the hurdle.

  • He's invited me back to show me how his Community is changing.

  • When you stewed and get into the school more Sophie children, they feel shame.

  • The thing about talking about them.

  • They're not looking so beautiful, lunch time here in the Himba village and a group of women.

  • I said, tree changing their hairstyles.

  • Now they're hairs mixed with butter and a crushed rock called a crack, and that's what gives it its striking reddish brown.

  • A few steps from the makeshift hair salon, a group of women are taking part in another beauty of ritual covering they make at upper bodies and legs in the same a crumb mixture, leaving the mahogany skin glistening in the Namibian sun, the woman's traditional dress is just a short skirt made from animal hide their necks And ankles are adorned with the robes of copper, the men wear a loin cloth, but nothing about Owen's appearance, says, he's a Himba today, he's wearing khaki shorts and their blue chequered shirt now running his own successful business outside of the village walls.

  • He feels he needs to assimilate to fit in lot of they, thirdly, for the legs go down into the town to try to find a job for those taking the leap, the closest town is a pull an hour's drive away.

  • It's the capital of this region, one of the most popular places for the Himba to spend their time is that arsenal bar, named after the football team, she said Pete and keep angular owns the bar, the Himba men himself, he lived his village years ago, but feels a sense of guilt.

  • With the choices he's made the end, and I'll go hunt the matter that it sometimes.

  • So, fleshy and blowing her semen bus of the Himba Community Gideon drowned, but I also feel I see want to see them, we must include are traditionally dressed group of Himba women sit on the tiled floor of the bar resting against the slot machines, they drinking and chatting.

  • Two of the women have young babies with them, and never walks past me to answer a call on her mobile phone technology is slowly creeping in.

  • Oh, and takes me to the local supermarket were two Himba women are doing their shopping their Appearance is ridiculed by passing shoppers will stop and stare, despite the best efforts to ignore it.

  • We told this happens daily, but encounters like this, don't concern Chief nun Abba sitting by an open fire smoking his pipe his the Patriarch of this Himba village with four wives in nineteen children, he has a big stake in the future of this Community, but he's not fighting to hold on to the past, no good.

  • I want them to become doctors to work for the government.

  • I want them to live a different life to mine.

  • I want them to look like you got there, we're going to ask him why the world has changed, he says, but it's not for everyone achieves first wife has concerns about modern living.

  • The best life for us is in the village, it's how we have lived for many years.

  • It's what we know from the settee, we cannot survive, and that was the wife of a Chief of a Himba village in Namibia, ending that report by humza phill Ana you're listening to news from the b. b. c. you're listening to a podcast edition of news, our available twice each day, straight after the live edition of the programme.

  • And if you're enjoying this, then why not take a look at other podcast from the B.B.C. world service, the documentary brings to life stories and investigations from across the globe, or witness remarkable first hand accounts from important moments in history, Or try the food chain.

  • Our podcast for foodies farmers and anyone who cares about what they eat and where it comes from coming up next, the challenges are defending the Indian city of Mumbai from flooding.

  • First, so illegal development in Pakistan, where special Court has acquitted five men who'd been on trial for conspiracy to murder, the country's former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto in two thousand seven, there's Bhutto was killed in a suicide and gun attack when she returned from exile to campaign in an election.

  • The Court also ruled that the country's ex military leader, Pervez Musharraf was a fugitive after he failed to attend the trial for clarity, we turn close to home.

  • And two resident Pakistan specialist, but Jones, there'll be a lot of surprise in Pakistan, about this verdict, because these boys are known to the public.

  • They people have been aware that they've been held, all this time, they were picked up quite shortly after the murder of Benazir Bhutto, the police gathered significant amounts of evidence their phone records these boys were taking the police around town, showing them where they'd been on the day of the murder, and so on.

  • Later retracted their confessions acquitted.

  • So people, I think, will be scratching their heads, a bit about this, but that's the decision of the course, and that's where it stands and the other part of this is that the former President has been declared an absconder what does, what does That mean the whole story of general Sheriff's involvement to miss is entirely circumstantial and in, there is no evidence tying him to the order to to the plot to kill, but as she named him saying that if I die, I believe, he would be involved, but there's nothing more than that, however, he has been accused of involvement and has left the country, saying that he would be returning to Pakistan.

  • No one believed him when he left, and, indeed, he hasn't gone back to Pakistan.

  • So now, these these these various issues in the courts are all there facing him, but he is between Dubai in London, not facing.

  • So where does this leave the case, it's gone.

  • Basically, I think it leaves it in not just limbo, but in a sort of permanent recumbent state, because the allegation was that these boys all fifteen years old.

  • On the day had had killed her and the obvious question that came after that was going to be will who on earth, organise them to do it, but that the question I guess never gets asked now, and they've been acquitted.

  • And I guess that suits people, organised it, but you still talking about the killing of a former Prime Minister, you've got the family with her, not like this lie on it is absolutely astonishing that a Prime Minister, yeah twice Prime Minister of a powerful country with nuclear weapons, and so on.

  • Could be assassinated and such Little effort made to discover why that happened, and this is the final culmination of those poultry efforts.

  • And, of course, the family will be furious.

  • They've been asking for answers, I have to say, one of the issues is that her widower asses a diary, when he was in power.

  • After her death did very little to investigate it, so there are accusations made about the family's lack of interest in this important question, but the truth is, if you look at the whole picture of Pakistani society, all the elements of it, they have totally failed to hold to account the killers, and the people who organised the killing of one of the country's most powerful and significant politicians, I'm better Jones on the collapse of a Court case in Pakistan, you're listening to the b. b. c. world service, this is news, our coming to you live from London with James Kamara Sami and we brought you news on yesterday's programme of the torrential rain that's fallen this week in South Asia, resulting in floods which have claimed hundreds of lives.

  • Today, we're going to concentrate on one of the affected cities, India's commercial capital Mumbai where East eleven people died today in a collapsed building police say the foundations of that building may have been weakened by the rain waters that forty people were inside, when the six storey structure crashed to the ground in the city's densely populated bendy Bazaar district, the building has been Described as being very old and due for redevelopment in the b. b. sees the Veena Gupta was at the scene.

  • Earlier on, were you seeing at the moment.

  • A lot of rubble around are we talking about an area in which the buildings are stacked next to each other.

  • Literally than leans a wide enough for just one card to bust through there are people in the neighbourhood whose balconies overlooked to the bedrooms, and here we have one building, which is the one hundred that's collapsed.

  • A lot of rubble around a tree rescue teams on the ground and trying to pick up, but, brick by brick.

  • The rubble.

  • You want to have local people who were helping men wearing yellow hat in uniform.

  • All around the place, it's going to be a Daft ask me, have a tease to eleven it confirmed up at least five to den still try to be be seized have Gupta, whether or not.

  • Today's disaster was caused by flood weekend foundations.

  • This is the third building collapse in Mumbai in less than a month.

  • So what about the challenges that Mumbai faces in coping with the ravages of nature, we can speak about those now with Rishi Agar while whose founding Director of Mumbai sustainability centre.

  • Welcome to news hour how vulnerable is Mumbai to coastal flooding, James, Hi, Hey, one way is extreme, too, honourable to Worcester also flooding and me keep seeing such kind of incidents before down every Year, not before.

  • Get the most famous of them all, which was the Gillette go pardon when we had nine hundred and I'm offering an increasingly did clemency Clementine Dusters pointing out that means I'm going to get better, and in instances of extreme weather.

  • I'm going to Inglis, which means always well, it'll be a giggle flooding.

  • It was only going to increase in the coming years.

  • One of the reasons for that vulnerability, it's a combination of factors, of course, we can talk about glamour change which exacerbate the situation.

  • But if you look at it in a bath fornicate more may have seemed very poor governance, it's urban planning is in shambles.

  • The kind of bulimic or leadership, it has seen in the past four decades.

  • Successive politicians has had no bad mummy as a meeting God, it does go to one of the most costly as three are listed in the wood, if not in India and er by edition, not a politician.

  • It's a God to the dealer's, Nev look us and almost every square Ford everything good.

  • I've always looked upon it would be listed, and in the last and development plan for meetings and will cause and fourteen we were, I've got asked that, once we've got patients and Justin that Edwin but Lee's Lord look wins all these mangroves.

  • He's a sword and lands, which actually absorbing excessive enough water during heavy rainfall, the city has not been learning its lessons or Water, the bus decades number unpick it, and the quality of administration, the quality of political leadership in just does not matter.

  • What should be there, so that those the political reasons, you'd give in practical terms.

  • What needs to be done.

  • It's the drainage system.

  • Is it that needs to be completely overhauled.

  • Absolutely, and there have been reports, I've got a board to Bob, O.K., what has happened is in the bus.

  • Twenty years, some open one way, it is distant from the island will make, which was mostly during the bean depends Spain during the British colonial rule, it hand in the mode of infrastructure building, but all the more maybe does double up in the past twenty could be yours, and not move me still does not have, and it would, in its network, you're seeing happens a construction happening, which means that there are a lot of wetlands, which have been reclaimed for constructing high res.

  • I wasn't Galicia complexes and other hazards on the rig when I would agree intimately, and there's nowhere, where the what, and floor Anna go on you to the flooding.

  • If the political will is there, how easy.

  • Would it be to fix their problems.

  • Well, the thing is, if you've got a really bad legacy.

  • I mean, you cannot solve the problem there for my kids in a year or two, and only as delighting Dept enough, since here Indy in approach still from the city garment, but Then you want start veneer wants it wants to big you Enya's who would do the minimum that is Blackpool Hadley's it someone of flooding.

  • Ten years to start getting to a plate spate, where you can mitigate flooding, so if that's a bit depressing, isn't it.

  • For the people living in Mumbai, when they see things like this building collapse, and we don't know for a fact, whether it was linked to the flooding, but they will be very worried about what might happen in those ten years.

  • So what's happening is a bit, and in the building collapse as lead and, but women's that ain't got brought back there intending frozen in that idiot bhindi Bazaar and the livers of nineteen fifty, which means people are being a bit dense as a vent for the buildings, and the land looks and they had become a very big, but it can force, which means that every Bender elections than the pinions become a great warning.

  • So these kind of happens are blaming the laws have not been changed all of their becoming a billion Bentley got in eventually showing up in the farm.

  • During the monster just very briefly other any temporary measures barriers levees, things like that.

  • That could be put in place.

  • Absolutely anything.

  • I mean, I know, we're going to be so extra brain capacity shouldn't be bid who er, looking at this, and also the building them.

  • Regulations need to be changed so that lot of critical instructed us not going to go on eleven and all of that was moved up to the first floor level, so that imminent, there is flooding your electricals another infrastructure can still keep functioning Richie Agar, while the founding Director of the Mumbai sustainability centre.

  • Thanks very much.

  • Britain is marking a sombre anniversary today, it is twenty years since Princess Diana died, an event that was devastating for those close to her and deeply troubling for the institution of the British monarchy that she had energised and exasperated has flowers were left at the Palace gates and Britain's wept openly in the streets, Queen Elizabeth and her family were accused of being out of touch and unfeeling for remaining in their private castle in Scotland, their supporters insisted that they were protecting Diana's young grieving Psalms or twenty years on Princes William and Harry will mark this milestone privately, but in recent weeks, they have spoken of their mother's campaigning charity work and of how she had made them feel incredibly loved the B.B.C.'s Royal correspondent Peter hunt looks back at the events of August thirty first nineteen ninety seven Diana, Princess of Wales, was in hospital in Paris tonight seriously injured after a road accident close companion, Dodi al Fayed has been killed.

  • Initially, it was thought this was a Princess in peril.

  • Who could be rescued, a former Queen in waiting, who would survive a crash in a Paris tunnel.

  • I first heard about The accident.

  • What twenty five past eleven U.K. time on Saturday night, a reporter at sea and Elliot lighter he phoned up to, say, can you tell me about the crash Dickie arbiter had worked for Diana went into the living room switched on the T.V. and saw this thing unfolding, and I thought, my goodness, nobody could possibly survive.

  • And then there was nothing his instinct was right, a drunken driver with photographers in pursuit had crashed into the tunnels thirteenth pillar, killing three of the four occupants.

  • Now, at twenty past five, there is an official announcement here's Andrew Crawford, Buckingham Palace has confirmed the death of Diana, Princess of Wales.

  • In a statement, it said, the Queen and Prince Philip, were deeply shocked and distressed by this terrible news, but I was in the Office by ten to four phoning around various policies that flood ports, getting the flag to half mast quarterly back in Paris, didn't have a flag that story went on and on and on for a few days in Paris, Britain's Ambassador Michael j. was preparing to confirm the news that reverberated, then, and still reverberates the French interior Minister was by law, jeez side, I said him.

  • Can I just have one minute, because I realised at that stage, this is just, this was not an ordinary press conference, this was the kind of press conference that the world was going to listen to and want to know about, I just pause For a moment to write down, I think, on the back of a receipt.

  • Just what I was going to say, the death of the Princess of Wales feels us with deep joy and with deep throughout the night.

  • Tony Blair spoke with his officials in the first flush of his Premiership.

  • He was searching for the words that would best capture a nation's pain at the loss of a Princess the people everywhere, not just here in Britain, everywhere they kept faith with Princess Diana they liked her, they loved her.

  • They regarded her as one of the people, she was the people's Princess, and that's how she will stay how she will remain in our hearts and in our memories for ever on a different continent.

  • The media was clamouring for a reaction from old Spencer outside is keep town whom Diana's brother obliged, in a way, the reporters might not have anticipated, and in a way that provided a foretaste of the eulogy.

  • He would deliver six days later, this is not a time for recriminations but for sadness.

  • However, I would say, but I always believe the press would kill her.

  • Not even I could imagine that they would take such a direct hand in her death, her seems to be the case, it would appear that every proprietor and editor of every publication that has paid for intrusive and exploitative photographs of her encouraging greedy and ruthless individuals to risk everything in pursuit of Diana's Image has blood on his hands.

  • Today, the passing of the Prime ministerial labelled people's Princess was marked by the people in their thousands.

  • They came to Palace gates to leave flowers and to an uncharacteristic displaying at the time of British emotion, they were grieving the death of a Royal, they didn't know, but who threw her vulnerability.

  • They felt they had a connection with, I know mother lark there, she's someone that every young woman probably want do you suppose she was just a lovely person we all hoped that we could be the Princess's body was brought home with royalty one, four, six of the Royal Squadron landed at R.A.F. northolt into the setting on this day at this time.

  • Twenty years ago, few would have been in the position to predict how the public reaction would grow and how the windsors would be wrong footed by the perception that they were geographically and emotionally detached from a country, and it's suffering on this evening in nineteen ninety seven, the priority was bringing Diana home in life after divorce, she was stripped of her H.R.H. title in death, the coffin of Diana, Princess of Wales, was covered with the Royal standard report from the B.B.C.'s Royal correspondent Peter, the head of the U.S federal emergency management Agency famous says black smoke rising from a fire at a chemical plant in Texas is incredibly dangerous.

  • Speaking at a news conference Brock long said that officials were still trying To evaluate the situation.

  • The question is whether we can actually get in and assess the full scale of the impact from an environmental standpoint to infrastructure standpoint.

  • So those are wrong.

  • Go on the bottom line is, we do what's called plume eyeline.

  • Amen.

  • That's work, we base, a lot of the evacuations on mal means, yes, the plane was incredibly dangerous, and we'll hear more about the continuing impact of tropical storm Harvey, in a couple of minutes time just reminder, if you miss any live editions of our programme, you can always.

  • Listen to the podcast, we download it twice a day, seven days a week.

  • Just look for B.B.C. news, our podcast, you're listening to the B.B.C. world service, this is news that are coming to you live from London with James tomorrow, a reminder of our top story, this hour, the French Prime Minister, has presented President microns controversial plans to change labour laws, calling them, ambitious and fair Bruno bon l. is a Member of Parliament for miss your mackerel's lovely public en Marche party, I think that the whole politics of quizzes on my call East, you get friends into the twenty first century.

  • And that means, you know, including the digital revolution, including the environment, all these shoes globalisation Asian issues in there, of course, there are some logic in the resistance, but they are some some hopes in the winning bet that we preparing weight now.

  • So, even though some of Them will be more difficult than others, taking that all, you know all that's there, right.

  • One other headline relief officials in Bangladesh, say, the scale of the row hinge a refugee crisis is much larger than they'd feared you're listening to the B.B.C. world service, this is news, our coming to you live from London with James Camorra Sami the rains may have drifted away from Texas, but the havoc caused by tropical storm Harvey is bringing new challenges for the people of that state.

  • As we heard earlier, they've been explosions at a flooded chemical plant in the town of Crosby today, and with tens of thousands of people crammed into shelters, Texas is counting the cost thirty one lives lost.

  • So far, vast numbers of lives turns up turned upside down.

  • The B.B.C.'s Nick Robinson has been speaking to the number two man in the stately telling Governor Dan Patrick about the challenges that Texan still face the Eastern area, I think we will probably have somewhere between four and six hundred thousand people displaced out of the hold that other apart, we have about sixty somewhere between forty and fifty thousand shoppers.

  • We think about one out of every ten people end up in the shop.

  • So, that would be great.

  • Now we have that made shopping for about five hundred many of these people displaced to a shelter or somewhere where the kids were not lined up at school.

  • That's just start the sweet.

  • They're Far away from there, when they get their government Church are beginning to get you, we have a lot of seeing the bit of children, a lot of folks, it's a, how do you arrange all of that, and there you have to, we have a Convention centre in downtown Houston that has about ten thousand people work of art Club.

  • I checked, you have to have security, you have to three hot meals a day.

  • And he had to have all of these things, and then the rebuilding, which will take some weeks very do you want, it'll take more than that, only Mun and medication medication.

  • It will take a year or two, to complete the work you compared the rescue work to the movie done.

  • Yeah, what sort of skill, then, is the recovery.

  • If you have to compare it with the movie.

  • What happened was we only have so many bugs and local police are Callie police rushed ape at all have a bit and getting them in the water, but we had more people we've rescued about five thousand people, but in the Houston area.

  • Remember the storm cover slippy six counting, I'm just focusing on the aerial to pick Megan we had something called the Cajun Lady at Louisiana.

  • It's not real.

  • Maybe, well, it's a real baby to them, but it's just people have boats, they formed their own baby and three hundred of them came here and just put the boat in The water, and there were hundreds and hundreds and hundreds of boats, going out sometime lifesaving rescue, just to get people out of their old or, and yet, when you're talking of dealing with around half a million people who'd been displaced from their homes.

  • This needs government scale effort, doesn't it.

  • Do you need federal funds and are they forthcoming sure that it worked.

  • The President trump, he came down, and I want to report on the way he has been incredible.

  • And, I mean that sincerely, I'm a Republic, it would support him, but he had been incredible.

  • He's a bit of the sky.

  • So he understands a little problem in your business.

  • He'd get right through it, but I can play.

  • And so some some criticised him and his wife Marni for being interested in appearances, and for not meeting the actual flood victims.

  • What, here's the deal in politics, you diet.

  • If you do a dark, if you doc.

  • I without an organ or a Barker today, but some people would say, were you there for Apollo up, if you don't go people were worried.

  • Don't you care, and so I know that I like the official, but I know a big here, but this door about the ones that are right now to estimated it could cost two hundred billion.

  • No one knows of the go more had to pick up, but majority of that were big stayed in practice, but that's a big number.

  • Read the big taxes, but will be contributing significantly as well, and already, I think, b. is with all the tragedy is that the great spirit and a great story is bigger than anything, and I was close with this wild squabble.

  • I was in the time, because I wanted to stay with her that was like a dog's tail water in all the House is in the play, because there were a few people, which were, eh.

  • Do you want to get up, you'll be able to get up for several days, aged forty five cat.

  • She was a cat rescue out, but she came up with the truck and, you know, there was no sign of her day.

  • And Patrick on her, but she came up to the truck and she certainly Governor.

  • If I'd known you were coming, I would've picked him up.

  • What was that the spirit of people ten and Governor of Texas Downpatrick, speaking to the B.B.C.'s Nick Robinson there.

  • Well, in the stain taxes, because a federal judge has imposed a temporary halt to a controversial immigration law, just two days before it was scheduled to go into effect in that state Senate bill for S.P. full aims to punish what are known as sanctuary cities places or refused to detain immigrants for deportation by withdrawing federal funds.

  • It was also due to give immigration officers unlimited access to local jails is ruling, the judge said it was unlikely to withstand constitutional tests, We're joined by Professor Geoffrey Hoffman, Director of the immigration clinic at the University of Houston law centre.

  • Welcome to the programme Professor Hoffman just explain the background to S.P. for.

  • Thank you for having me as before.

  • As a law that was supposed to go onto a fact effective Davies, the camera.

  • First, the judge's decision in saying Tanya the federal judge has largely enjoying most provisions of that law.

  • And basically, he said that immigrants will be protected throughout, for the most part in Texas, and it's about sanctuary cities, which is had is a loose term really, isn't it.

  • It doesn't actually have a sort of legal definition, but break.

  • Broadly speaking, cities which have decided not to have fully co-operate with the federal immigration authorities.

  • That's correct, there is no definition in the immigration nationality of so called sanctuary cities, but what s. before tries to do is tries to say that the local officials will not be able to material materially limit their co operation with federal immigration officials are the problem.

  • According to the federal judge was that many of those provisions in the s. before a lot were a violation of the U.S Constitution and the timing of this.

  • I mean, is it any coincidence.

  • It's happened around the time of the terrible flooding, because I guess, Houston, would have been affected by this, I do think it is coincidence, to a large extent, because remember the day of the effect They want September.

  • First, but I think it is fair to point out that this lot were to go into to attract would would have severe consequences for people here who are facing the disaster after mouth hearing you sing a, they should be pointed out also that the law will go forward in some some aspects in that police officers can still ask an inquiry into immigration stylist in, they can still share information with the customs enforcement, and this is a temporary halt as well, isn't it.

  • Is it possible.

  • This could get overturned that's correct, it is important to point out to the poem in her injunction going, it's not final Opera an injunction are in that Derby be further litigation, they will be for a little Legation and as well as appeals and text.

  • Isn't the only state with so called sanctuary cities is it Ned the other legal fights going on across the United States is this going to be a precedent.

  • This is a major decision, I think this will be seen as a template for future decisions in other States are in, it is also very important in terms of, as I said before, the constitutional pronouncements that the judge made in terms of freedom of speech. first amendment fourth amendment in also pre, I'm Shen Professor Jeffrey Hoffman.

  • Thank you very much indeed.

  • Professor and Director of the immigration clinic at the University of Houston law centre and that Brings us to an end of this edition of news from me.

  • James Kamara Sami and the rest of the team here in London.

  • Thanks very much for listening.

  • Goodbye, has been a download from the B.B.C. to discover more and our terms of use with it, b. b. c. dot com slash podcast.