This is the B.B.C. for details of a complete range of programmes go to B.B.C. world service dot com forward slash, Welcome to the latest global news compiled in the early hours of the morning.
On Thursday, the thirty, first of August, I mean your sunbed or with a selection of highlights from across B.B.C. world service news today coming up, Texas, increases national guard numbers in the wake of flooding from tropical storm Harvey is part of our ongoing emergency swept response to make sure that we address and take care of the needs of the people, putting protection and safety of life first President trump says on Twitter is that the time for talking is over in relation to North Korea, but his defence Secretary seems to disagree.
We're never continue to work together, and the Minister and I share a response going to provide for the protection of our nation populations and our Chris over one thousand people are dead after flooding in India, Bangladesh, and Nepal.
A new report shines light on the leader activities of North Koreans and the b. b. c. visits indigenous hunter gatherers in South Africa to hear why dying languages should be kept alive the clematis for me, so important, so that we can booked what our forefathers, but first we begin in the U.S with the Governor of the state of Texas has Warned that the worst of the flooding triggered by tropical storm Harvey is not over at least twenty people are known to have died, and one hundred and ninety five thousand others have registered for government help the storm has now moved East across the neighbouring state of Louisiana, the Governor Greg Abbott said a further two hundred boats and two hundred vehicles were being made available from the defence Department to aid in the rescue operation, but added that the authorities were coping well.
Certainly, it is overwhelming for the residents, and people who live in that region.
For the stadia in the responders is part of our ongoing emergency swift response to make sure that we address and take care of the needs of the people, putting protection and safety of life.
First, I spoke to our correspondent Laura trevelyan in Houston, I'm in a salvo of Houston, where they've experienced rising water levels.
Today, I'm talking to you, there's water.
As far as the eye can see the streets, a waterway homes are flooded cars, a sub, no one has power, people have been rescued all day from their homes in the situation here is, although, but, in fact, the authorities, the same at the control flooding that they've been doing for the reservoir outside of Houston, opening the dam's rather than have the reservoir overflow.
Now that's made the water levels rise here, the authorities say or has worked to has controlled the water flow, So that means that, without any rainfall forecast here for five days, the waters should now start to recede.
Then people can begin to go back to their homes and try and pick up the pieces.
The storm's moved away from Houston and disappeared, as we speak, but what damages expected elsewhere.
And it's in Louisiana and, although it's weakened remarkably from when it was a hurricane on Friday night.
It's still expected to cause catastrophic and life threatening flooding in Louisiana.
That's will, the national weather service, a warning.
By the end of the week, because it still packing up, there's still lots of rain fall as it moves inland in Louisiana and there may even be flooding in Tennessee and Mississippi.
So it remains a fearsome thing back into used to where you are, you've mentioned, Hello, what will eventually struck receiving how long before things get back to normal.
That's the question, let's have it, everyone is asking, and, of course, the difficulty with Huston is that, because they're so odd urban sprawl in the wider metropolitan area, more than six million people live here, and so much of the land.
We're at sea level really here has been concreted over, but it's hard for the water to run off, and this is, people are saying, experts in this field that this was a perfect unlucky store because of the vulnerable position of Houston, the fact hurricane turned into A tropical storm, and then just hung around without wins to move it hung around for days and then you add to that the fact that, because of climate change and warming Caesar's more moisture in the air and hurricane loves moisture.
It gives it more rainfall this trio of fat, particularly vulnerable, and particularly unlucky, it's just unclear how long it will take to recover the authorities are saying it will be years, just as it was in Louisiana after hurricane Katrina, Laura trevelyan scientists estimate that around seven trillion gallons of water fell on the Houston area in one thirty six hour period during tropical storm Harvey an influx on that scale would pose problems for any city in the world, but questions are being asked as to why Houston flooded so badly, and so quickly.
Some experts say it's been exacerbated by rampant development.
So could the same happen elsewhere or environment correspondent Matt McGrath reports stretching out over fifteen hundred square kilometres, Houston, is a flat urban sprawl, a concrete has long been prioritised over green space in the past two decades, the population has boomed at the expense of surrounding wetlands and Prairie around ten thousand hectares of swampy land that could serve as a run off or billions of litres the floodwater have disappeared under pavements roads and housing between nineteen ninety two and twenty ten.
As a result, almost all of the unprecedented rainfall from the storm has nowhere to go and has Ended up creating deep damaging floods all over the city for planning has played its part in the situation ever since.
I could barely missed the city in two thousand and eight officials have been trying, and failing to advanced new projects to deal with the deluge.
At the same time, seven thousand new homes were being built in low lying areas in other cities around the world, governments are putting their faith in a different approach seeking to slow down sink and straw in and dacians of water.
China is transforming us major metropolitan areas into so called sponge cities with permeable pavements that allow far more rain to be absorbed by the earth, Texas, is unlikely to follow the Chinese example, as one analyst said, we rebuild Houston exactly like it is now, and wait for the next flood McGrath Russia's for a Minister Lavrov has told his U.S. counterpart Rex to loosen that strengthening sanctions against North Korea following Pyongyang ze latest missile test would be counterproductive.
Donald trump is fired off a tweet in response to the test telling his followers that talking is not the answer, but the U.S. defence Secretary James matters has insisted that there's still room for diplomacy in dealing with North Korea were never out of diplomatic we can gather the Minister and I share responsibility, provide for the protection of our nation populations and our interest, Alex ritson told me more Jim mattis is one of the most trusted Members of Donald trump's in a team before he took up this position as Secretary of state for defence, he was a retired general in the U.S marine corps.
He's answerable to the Commander in Chief.
You have to assume that the U.S. defence Secretary is on message.
And, of course, Donald trump has a reputation amongst his critics, whether it's deserved or not, have tweeting first and thinking.
Later, so that that is scary when you're talking about nuclear weapons.
There is, of course, that another possibility, and that is that they are both on message, because the audience, they're actually targeting here is Pyongyang.
It's Kim Jong earned the North Korean leader, it's quite possible, they want to keep him guessing as to what the U.S. position actually is perhaps as nuclear game of, good cop, bad cop, Donald trump, saying that the talking is not the answer.
All that that implies.
While general mattis is saying that the door is still open.
That's exactly the phrase, I was on my mind, good cop, bad cop, because this happened also on North Korea recently, with Rex Tillotson.
So, how will this be seen in a fact that we don't know the answer to that question is what makes the whole situation.
There's no doubt that there is serious military strategy going on in Pyongyang with these missile tests, up to now, they are constantly pushing the U.S., the international Community as far as they possibly can, Without actually triggering a military response from the U.S., they've not responded.
Yet, so these latest comments from the defence Secretary in the tweet from Donald trump, but for the first time since Tuesday's launch North Korea's official news Agency has admitted deliberately firing that ballistic missile across Japan.
Previous times when there have been launches crossed, they've suggested that they were satellite launches.
So that is a departure and then threateningly, of all the North Koreans described this as a meaningful prelude to containing qualm Meiji U.S. military centre in the Pacific, and there are one hundred and sixty thousand U.S. citizens, there Alex written a week ago, the government of Brazil announced that a vast reserve in the other's on would be opened up to mining, but now were caught in Brazil has stepped up to suspend the decree signed by President Turner, the area covering forty six thousand square kilometres, is thought to be rich in gold, iron, manganese and minerals are correspondent Katie Watson spoke to me from some Polo this comes from a federal Court in Brasilia, they said, a published statement saying it was suspending possible administrative that's based on the decree.
What this means is the government had failed to consult Congress, which is something that the Constitution requires a degree, a degree would put environmental protection of this area, which is known as Wanker at risk, and the risk of protecting local indigenous communities remind us about how important this area is To the indigenous communities and were environmentalists have to say about it.
Well, this is it.
A reserve in the Eastern Amazon at several indigenous tribes and untouched forest.
Now, it's the size more that it's bigger than Denmark about seventeen thousand eight hundred square miles.
Now, and their conservation body w. w. f. they put out a report saying that it, copper, gold expiration is in one of the protected areas, as also thought to be gold in para state forest, which is also in this area, but they were concerned about the conflict of indigenous reserves and ethnic communities that often live in in quite isolated from society, and that was one of the biggest contentious points that caused so much outrage armour went this decree was introduced last week.
Now President Emma had said that this type of action needs to be taken to stimulate the country's economy, which is in a recession.
How big of a blowers for their plans, and what are they likely to do next.
I mean, my parents, one of the most unpopular Brazilian Presidents, but he's very market friendly and point her biz.
So now it won't look good for him, in terms of their economics, but the, but he was ignoring this issue.
Certainly didn't look very courtly much outrage when it when this happened.
Now, the Attorney general's Office said, they're going to appeal this case that really puts a Loggerhead the issue of conservation in the issue of economics at the end of the day, this is one of the Bay, a big push we came at the same time, he's trying to, I've been a huge bits of state being privatised companies that was announced last week, so it will derail, certainly, but the government's intentions to try and boost the economy, but lots of environmentalists, of course, will feel relieved.
Could you what's do you miss led coalition against the Islamic state groupers bombed the route in Syria, of a convoy of fighters and their families, who were being evacuated from the Lebanese border under a ceasefire deal, a statement by the coalition, says the air strike did not hit the convoy, but of the road in order to prevent the militants from reaching the Iraqi border area.
Sebastian usher, he's a Middle East editor, the U.S. led coalition said that it had no part in this deal, which is agreed between Hezbollah, the Syrian government, and I s. essentially, it got rid of a huge problem for Lebanon on its border.
That's been there for a good long time Lebanese forces with has Buller attacked for a week, I guess, until I essentially surrendered, but under the condition that they would be escorted to a safe area over in the East of the country, U.S vocalist made clear that they didn't agree with this, but they didn't see moving the problem from one place to another.
So it's someone else's responsibility as any kind of a way of resolving the situation, so the coalition and launch an air strike, saying that they avoided hitting the convoy in order to comply with the rules of war, but they created the road, they destroyed a bridge, so they couldn't continue along that route.
They did also say that they hit some individual cars and some fighters who were clearly identified as I, yes, there's been some news across the border, Iraq.
Government forces are claiming a significant victory against eye as well.
Yes, I mean, this flows together.
Essentially, this area of the East of the Syrian conflict and the West of Iraq is where Aia still has its real kind of centre of gravity and the big battle has been going around at a city of tell her father, since most was retaken today Iraqi forces say they've taken the last village near to the city, which essentially means that they now controlled the whole about airy, this means that the whole of the region from muscle to the West is nominally under their control.
That's a significant victory significant setback friars Sebastian gnasher and the dishes are now one of the largest migrant groups, making the dangerous crossing over the Mediterranean from Libya to Europe, more than seven thousand arrived in Italy by sea, between January and may of this year, nearly twelve percent of the total number those rescued in the Mediterranean, have told aid Workers, they paid more than ten thousand dollars each to be taken from Bangladesh's capital Dhaka to Dubai or Turkey and onwards to Libya, with it typically fall into the hands of people smugglers, the b. b. c. central Imogen travelled to darker to investigate.
I will say it was in his forties lives in a tiny one room tenement in a, Tarka Shanti a Bollywood film us playing on the neighbour's television set by the woman washes clothes.
Last year, he left his home for Libya lured by the promise of a good job that I did at the airport at about one hundred one hundred fifty people.
Everyone was carrying the smaller back, I was told all of us were going to Sudan from their daily diggers to Linda, we're going to versus and don't bigger, but once he got to Libya, he was sold to traffickers were demanded a ransom of five thousand that I'll have good furtive growth, they would torture me, I would not be given any food, it would make me stand for twenty four hours, they said, be in, then you can, I'd like a, well, I don't know, she said, I going to be so much.
What do I do that, if they won't eventually his wife was forced to borrow money to secure his really, he's back home.
Now, but deepened his trip to Libya was facilitated by a local agent part of a vast trafficking network, who exploit their Desperation, one of the migrants would be Heather I get paid a Commission off to fifty dollars.
After many attempts, and finally able to track down an agent who agrees to speak to over a Cup of tea.
He tells me his job is to first identify someone who wants to go abroad.
Typically, it's someone he knows documents and tickets are organised by the traffickers, and then he escorts the migrants, all the way to Libya, typically their journey begins either a Chittagong a Tarka airport, from where they are flown to the Middle East, and then onwards to Sudan and Libya had no point they stopped or challenge.
I should have, however, my bosses are in touch with Duffy shoots, it's basically a syndicate the passports do not have a valid visa summer blank at the airport, they just shed their names against a list.
Sometimes they make a phone call, then we are literally what would a leveller what up above us.
I don't, but I'm about at the other end, they're handed over to a fresh set of traffic.
Many of all, a bung edition muffles are seen as another migrant was managed to escape and come, he tells me, he does the Bangladeshi traffickers to migrants fear the most, it was one of the earlier, the police used to leave us.
Now they've got the Bangladeshi Trafford go Sensei, we have run off, they are country meant.
Do you want him, it's like selling The police have been five hundred Libyan dinars.
That's half a man tell you, if I do, then the Bangladeshis extort money from us.
That's why you pedal allowed their, they don't end up in the hands of the fiddle among the vision migration expert and darker University Professor a bra choudary explains why so many bunger dishes migrate, despite the huge risk.
One of the main reasons is the number of jobs that have been created at all this much more than that.
People who are entering the job market.
So migration is a very important livelihood strategy for the pool.
So the immobiliser sources, it'd certainly not necessarily an individual's choice.
It's an household choice, so the family sits a gether decides who should go abroad, how the money should be read that will say he tells I ask his wife if she would ever send it to young children, and if I start my, I don't struggle when gave them educated and do my best to find them any smaller job in Bangladesh, I never send them abroad Neville, but so long as opportunities back home, continued to be limited, the dishes were looked ahead out, even if it means taking their life in their House Sandro Imogen doing listening to global news, the most important stories of the best interviews, and on the spot.
Reporting from the B.B.C. world service every weekend, you can hear a review of the week's main news stories and why they Matter that's in the world.
This week, and the programme's also available to download from our website.
B.B.C. dot co dot U.K. slash programmes across India, Bangladesh, and Paul at least twelve hundred people have been killed in the worst flooding to hit South Asia in years, every reign in India's biggest city Mumbai brought the coast to metropolis to a standstill with schools and offices closed on Wednesday, my colleague, Rob Yeung spoke to the B.B.C.'s Soran Janet to worry from Mumbai shanty towns are the worst affected.
Lots of people living in those shanty towns.
They've got what you're coming too, into their houses, many of them living near the railway tracks.
And that's one of the reasons that the transport network was so badly affected, because the railway tracks are in some low lying areas, and so that means the rail network was down this city of more than twenty million people, hundreds of thousands of people rely on the trains to get to and from work every day, the monsoon rains come every year.
Why do you think Mumbai authorities are not prepared enough for them.
That's a question that many people are asking that's Artie's are saying that there was around three hundred millimetres of rain and some parts of Mumbai, the infrastructure.
Here is just not able to cope with their population numbers and the speed that construction is happening, and the speed that buildings are going up, I've got a very old drainage System and a lot of people are talking about plastic rubbish clogging raisin and, that being one of the reasons why so much of the city were submerged until mum bye really acts on it habit from littering, people were saying that this flooding is not going to go away.
And there's been a building on flood plains as well.
Do you think the authorities will look at restricting that perhaps even demolishing some of the buildings that have been constructed already there are efforts to do that ever since.
Two thousand and five and those really bad floods, there have been a lot of calls for the authorities to act, and the first place.
People want them to start is this construction, but on the other hand, Mumbai, is growing very fast in the city does need to keep up with that.
The Bombay Court has actually halted all construction in Mumbai.
At the moment, because of poor drainage facilities and a poor sewage network, so it is taking steps to try and help the situation, but on the other hand, a lot of news channels are asking why, in the last twelve years, things haven't improved sue and Jenna to worry.
Let's return to North Korea were report by a South Korean government Agency has suggested that residents of the capital Pyongyang are increasingly taking up lose your pursuit like roller skating, and even consuming forbidden media such as Western books.
Its conclusions are based on evidence, including Interviews with defectors and satellite images, Asia editor Celia Hatton told me it's, in part due to a new policy of encouraging entrepreneurship and this secretive Communist state.
There are a lot of people now North Korea, who are making their own money.
And because they're making their own money.
They had more money to spend in their spare time, and they're willing to spend more money on doing things that are fun.
So we're seeing a boom in the building of ice skating rink send, movie theatres and outdoor parks, even twenty four hour restaurant to North Korea.
And what about Western culture.
Well, in North Korea, it's illegal to watch for in movies to read for inbox, even to listen to foreign music, but we hear little slices of life, from people in North Korea.
So one defector says in Pyongyang, when it was someone's birthday.
If you were with close friends, you can trust, we would all sing South Koreans, and a lot of the defectors talk about how wealthy people in North Korea.
Now have mobile phones, and they often use those mobile phones to access South Korean content.
So South Korean music South Korean soap operas things like and big's, yeah, there is a great part of the report, where one defector talks about a border towns with North Korea.
So smaller towns.
This is outside of the capital Pyongyang, but he talks about the fact that books are being shared for inbox, and how He went into one person's helmets are two bookcase is full of books and how some of those books were detective novels, he even saw gone with the wind, so books like that are being read under the covers at night in North Korea.
Celia Hatton the fantasy author TerryPratchett whose books have sold in their millions had his dying wishes fulfilled by having his unfinished works destroyed by a six tonne steam roller the author, who had Alzheimer's disease and died two years ago. didn't want them to be finished by anybody else.
John Kaye reports, just before Lord Jericho rolled TerryPratchett is long serving assistant Rob Wilkins posted a photograph on Twitter, from the great Dorset steam fair, it showed his hand holding a computer hard drive, about the size of a paperback book, along with the words about to fulfil my obligation to Terry moments later, in a quiet area of the site, the six and a half ton vintage steam roller crush the hard drive and destroyed its contents believed to be ten unfinished novels, Richard Henry from Salisbury Museum had spent months working with the Pratchett family, trying to find someone with a steamroller, who was willing to help.
He said the Discworld author wanted to make sure that nobody else would be able to finish his works.
After his death, but in the event of the steamroller struggle to do the job it completely annihilated.
The stone blocks underneath, but the hard Drive survive better than we expected.
So we then also put it in the stone Crusher as well.
Afterwards, which I think probably finally did it afterwards.
TerryPratchett assistant Rob Wilkins, who helped drive the steamroller said his friend had given him alternative suggestions for destroying the hard drive.
I should have really got anyone steaks, but extreme.
I know it was them quite up, it's been Clare, honestly, I should all my obligation, the flattened hard drive will go on display.
Next month, at Salisbury Museum as part of an exhibition about the life and work of TerryPratchett John, O.K.. there are thought to be around two thousand languages spoken across Africa, but globalisation and the legacy of colonialism have increased concerns that some of those which have held communities together.
For centuries, could soon disappear, the b. b. c. his Alfie Lani has spent time with the sun indigenous hunter gatherers, who were the first inhabitants of southern Africa to ask why Dione languages should be kept alive with eleven official languages in many more an official ones, so the Africa is unique.
More than just a means of communicating language forms an integral part of the identity of those living the northern Cape as the largest province in South Africa, but it's the least populated of this part of the world are Sami ear it, but many years ago, made the perfect home for the indigenous people of this region of the cloisonne In recent times, quiz sign has become a word used to describe two separate groups of people of the coi coi could traditionally worked the lad as farmers and the Seine, who were heads to gatherers, while wir traditional practices have all bye dad, art, language, as one of the few things that connects them to their past.
We, you don't get, I don't come near to see smart, you there you go see the most well known of the coi languages is now listen, I'm at the back, you can see it.
There are other parted left the number people splintered and their language is recognised as one of Africa's official languages.
Oh, nothing gonna cuddle on Tink in that basically, it's why it's left Sam turning to modern means to keep it alive.
Thank you here in the town of spring back Deena Christian presents an hour long radio show and her mother tank, Namur, it's on air, five times a week.
And it's the only one of its kind, from the small studio inside the local station them.
She's not as talking to the nearby Community, but actually people in other parts of South Africa, like a. time, and even in the Medea home to more Namur speakers at the bottom, because the was going clematis for me, so important, so that we can, Oh, big to our forefathers, but, despite her teaching day to day, Deena and the rest of her Community now speak Afrikaans, a language with debts hoots when you come in, and they say, you don't speak number, because I don't understand that, and my mother totally in number or us.
You must go, my Lynch had bathed three hours.
East of spring back is the town of Epping Tim home to the oldest surviving send language of South Africa, it's survival.
Currently wrist on three elderly sisters.
Now go, then, then we've got a good gig planned, Oh, diploma were planned where no the chair, and I only spoil doing, and they had a lot of people speaking the language.
Those were good times.
We loved our language.
At the age of eighty four Katrina Esau and her sisters are the last speakers of no believed to be the most indigenous language of southern Africa, with no other fluent and speakers in the world.
Apart from this family, the land, which has now been recognised by the U.N. as critically endangered Katrina has been running the school in her home for back ten years in a small wooden hut.
She teachers there.
One hundred and twelve sounds and forty five distinct clicks of numb to a group of local children.
Now Clau Clau drakey did you think I am teaching the language, because they don't want it to become extinct, I don't, when the language.
Today, my been in a day, known to the students as Omar, he'll mate Katrina is busy teaching the children of the parts of the Body in them, like many other African languages, no have been passed down already other generations.
But this method that has threatened a survival.
Until recently, there was no record of it as a written language.
When these languages of small communities when they disappear, it's not only the language, which it is it disappears, but it's also their concepts to stop this from happening.
Professor meti us blitzing up on the scent of African language diversity at the University of Cape town have begun to work with Katrina Esau to create and document to alphabet, and the basic rules of grammar also keeping the language alive a sixteen year old male and princely Katrina's best student when I speak visual inwards.
It is really lovely, because my mother's mother did speak this language, it's for the close and communities that connection is at the heart of why they wanted to protect the language, it's more than just in the star Jeff a time gone by.
It's to and share a sense of belonging.
A shared identity for generations, plums up Fulani, and that's all from us.
For now, but an updated version of the global news podcasts will be available for you to download.
Later, if you want to comment on this podcast or the topics covered in it, you can send us an email.
The address is global podcast at B.B.C. dot co dot U.K. Amelia sunbather or until next time.